1.2 has commendably provided various degree of protection

1.2       Statement of Research Problem

Nigeria is a signatory to the Convention on
the Rights of the Child (Adopted on 20th November, 1989 and came into force on
2nd September, 1990). The Convention requires that States Parties should strive
to ensure that they domesticate the provisions of the Convention in their
domain. Though the Child’s Right Act has commendably provided various degree of
protection to Children, its conflict with Islamic law has made most states
especially in Northern Nigeria where Muslims constitute majority to decline to domesticate
the CRC hence defeating or at least making the goal of the domestication of the
CRC not achievable. Despite the array of laws, policies and institutions
realization and enforcement of Child Rights in Nigeria and more particularly in
Kano State have been very low (Sagay, 2001). Consequently this has resulted in
high population of the Children flooding the street and engaging in street
hawking at school hours of the day. In addition some of these Children are
further lured by wicked adults into illegitimate business. Most especially
among the girls, they become victims of rape and other sexual abuses which could
expose them into contActing sexually transmitted diseases. These and other
negative aspects of Child abuse, and the failure to domesticate the Child Right
Acts in some part of Nigeria necessitated this study. Hence, the rest of the
chapters examine these issues that have been raised and provide recommendations
on the way forward.

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1.3       Research Questions

The following research
questions would be examined in the course of this study;

i.                    
What are the key provisions of the Child Rights Act?

ii.                  
Has the Child Rights Act been domesticated in Nigeria?

iii.                
What are the specific impediments to the implementation
of the Child Right Act in Nigeria?

iv.                
What are the specific impediments to the implementation
of the Child Rights Acts in Kano State?

v.                  
What recommendations could be suggested towards the
domestication and implementation of the Child Rights Act in all States of
Nigeria?

 

1.4       Research Objectives

This research
work focuses on the constraints to the domestication of the Child Rights Act of
2003 in Nigeria, a case study of Kano State. Other objectives of the study
include:

a.                  
To examine the key provisions of the Child Rights Act,

b.                  
To ascertain whether the Child Right Act has been
domesticated in Nigeria,

c.                  
To identify and examine specific impediments to the
implementation of the Child Rights Act in Nigeria, and in Kano State in
particular,

d.                 
To proffer recommendations on way forward towards the
domestication the Child Right Act in all States of Nigeria.

1.5       Significance of the Study

This study is important in the following
ways, especially now that the case of Child abuse is becoming a threat to human
capital development in Nigeria. The study would produce accurate and up-to-date
factual information about the Child Abuse and domestication of Child Rights Act
in Nigeria. This will contribute to knowledge through creating awareness and
drawing the attention of the law enforcement agencies, government and general
society to the existing status on Child Rights in Nigeria. Suggestions to be
offered from the empirical data gathered will help to reduce or eliminate the constraints
on the domestication of Child Right Act in our society. This research will also
determine the extent of its implementation in Kano State. It will serve as an
additional literature to the existing body of knowledge. It will create
awareness for the protection of the Rights of the Child and prevention of Child
abuses, and by so doing the public will be better informed and it will in turn
contribute to guaranteeing lasting respect for and the enforcement of Child Rights
in Kano State and Nigeria at large. This research will be useful as a source of
materials to legislators, executives, the judiciary, lawyers, and students
engaged in related studies and the general public.

1.6   Scope
of the Study

This research
will explain the constraints to the domestication of Child Right Act of 2003 in
Nigeria, especially in Kano state. In addition the study will also examine the
key provisions of the Child Rights Act, ascertain whether the Act has been
domesticated in Nigeria, identify and examine specific impediments to the
implementation of the Child Right Act in Nigeria and proffer recommendations on
way forward towards domestication the Child Right Act in Nigeria. While
focusing on Kano state as a case study, relevant references will be made to the
other states in Nigeria as necessary.