( concert,32 piano sonata, 16 string quartets,

( 1 ) Ludwig van Beethoven is a German composer and pianist. Beethoven is one ofthe most famous and influential composers of all the composers that existed at thetime. The best compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 piano concerts, 1 violin concert,32 piano sonata, 16 string quartets, Mass Mass Mass Missa solemnis, and one opera,Fidelio. He was born in Bonn and his musical talent was traceable at an early age andwas taught by his father, Johann van Beethoven and by Christian Gottlob Neefe’scomposer and conductor. By the late 20s, his hearing began to decline, and for thelast decade of his life he was almost completely deaf. In 1811, he stopped runningand performing in public but continued to compose many of his most admired worksfrom the last 15 years of his life. At the age of 21 he moved to Vienna, where hebegan studying the composition with Joseph Haydn and earned his reputation as avirtuoso piano pianist and he lives in Vienna to die.( 2 ) The Fifth Symphony has taken so long to complete, as Beethoven looks for ideasto produce this work. The first step the melodic draft and other musical ideas beginsfrom 1804 following up to the Third Symphony. However, Beethoven was disturbedat the Fifth Symhpony as there were other things to do, such as the first version ofFidelio, the piano sonata Appassionata, the three Razumovsky strings, the ViolinConcerto, the Fourth Piano Concerto, the Fourth Symphony, and the Mass in C. TheLast Symphony step The fifth, which took place in 1807-1808, was conductedsimultaneously with the Sixth Symphony, which aired on the same concert.Beethoven is in the mid-thirties at present.His personal life was disturbed by hisdeafness. At that time, the era was characterized by the Napoleonic Wars, thepolitical turmoil in Austria, and the Vienna occupation by the Napoleonic forces in1805. Simphony was written at his residence at the Pasqualati House in Vienna. Thefinal movement was quoted from the revolutionary song by Claude Joseph Rougetde Lisle.( 3 ) The Symphony of four movements. The first movement was Allegro con brio,this movement was opened with four motif motives of the most famous motif inWestern music. There is considerable contention among conductors on how to playfour opening bars.The next movement is the second movement calling Andante con moto. Thismovement is in Ab major, key relative key subdomain C minor, is a lyrical work in theform of multiple variations, which means that two themes are presented and vary inalternate. Following the variation there is a long coda.The third movement was Scherzo Allegro, consisting of scherzo and trio. It followsthe tradition of the third movement of the classic era symphony, which contains themajor scherzo sequences, different trio parts, scherzo returns, and cods.The fourth movement is Allegro. This movement started relentlessly from thetransition. Music is spread across C major, the unusual choice by the composer as asymphony that starts with C minor is expected to be completed in the key.( 4 ) The first movement was like the first great drama. It is made in the form ofsonata, but with a size of tension and irregularity. This movement is Allegro con brio,2/4 meters. Opening the main motive, the first theme based on overlappingperformances of motive opening, second theme more lirical, closing theme isconjunct start, its turn is unclear. Opening styles from bar 1 to bar 5 are presentedby all strings and clarinet simultaneously and are repeated one step lower. The firsttheme grew from overlapping motive by the second violin, violas, and the first violin.This opening part ends with a strong rhythm of the dominant and general pause. Thesecond theme from bars 59 to 63 starts with soft and lyrical words, accompanied bymotifs in low strings. This phrase is also played by the violin, the clarinet and theflute with the violin which is then expanded by the growing sequence of the violin.At the same time the basic rhythmic motive continue to assert itself in lower strings,as the climax in the field and the dynamics achieved. Fpr closing theme, from bars to95 to 100, the basic motive of the return rhythm and exposition ends with a feelingof great power and complete pause.