1. this parent-controlled feeding is to “instill a


1.     According
to Babywise, are human infants good (equipped at birth with positive

bad (have innately bad tendencies at birth, blank
slate (have no skills, abilities, or tendencies at birth)?

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According to Babywise, human infants are bad, showing bad
tendencies from birth. According to the Babywise course, “newborns must learn that the world does not revolve around
them.” Babywise co-author Dr. Robert Buckham even explains how the main purpose
of this parent-controlled feeding is to “instill a sense of order in newborn
minds” otherwise “they become more demanding. They become brats.” This suggests
that Babywise creators believe that human infants are born selfish and
egocentric, and if parents abide by their
children’s needs, it will “strip parents of their authority.”


2.     According
to Babywise, should development of an infant be shaped by Nature or

What is the most important force?

According to Babywise, development
of an infant should be shaped by nurture, the most important force, which puts
importance on learned traits and experience, as they are advising a
“parent-directed feeding” instead of demand feeding, which would be based on
the baby’s biological needs, or nature. In their books “Preparation for Parenting” and “On Becoming Babywise,” Gary and
Anne Marie Ezzo state that “babies can be trained,” which puts all the weight
on nurture, as the Ezzos encourage parents to teach their children traits, as the
human infants “must learn to live by
the clock.”


3.     According
to Babywise, do babies develop the same or differently? Is development
universal or particularistic?

Based on the readings, according to
Babywise, babies develop the same, making development universal as opposed to
particularistic. While some experts, such as Dr. Michael Sonenblum, believe
that “no schedule is right for every baby” because they have individual needs,
Gary and Anne Marie Ezzo encourage parents to not be “flexible to the baby’s needs.” Furthermore, according to
“Growing Controversy,” the founders of Babywise have reached more than 1.5
million parents, advocating for the inflexible parent-directed feeding to all
of those people, ignoring experts’ advise saying that children have unique
needs and that there is not one specific way to handle all of them. 


4.     According
to Babywise, is development passive (infant plays no role) or active (infant
determines developmental outcomes)?

According to Babywise, development
of children is passive, as they play no role in their own development. They
claim, “parents are in control,” and children do not get to determine their own
ends. Even if the child is hungry before the three hours are up, the Ezzos
claims their needs and wants should be completely ignored, as they should learn
to feed on a schedule that fits what the parents want.


5.     According
to Babywise, is development continuous or discontinuous?

According to Babywise, development
is discontinuous, meaning it is abrupt. They encourage the parent-directed
feeding “even for infants as young as 2 weeks.” Rather than gradually teaching
them to feed on the clock, the newborns are abruptly and suddenly taught to eat
and even sleep on a schedule despite their needs or some experts’ belief, such as
Dr. John Wright, that the baby’s brain is not ready for clocks.