Tyrannyisdefinedascruelandoppressivegovernmentorrule.Inthelate1700’s,ourfoundingfathersgatheredinPhiladelphiaanddecidedthattheyweregoingtowriteareplacementforthefailing,ArticlesofConfederation.Theywrotetheconstitution,keepinginmind thatitneededtoprotectthepeoplefromtyrannyanddoiteffectively,somethingtheArticlescouldnotdo.TheConstitutionProtectedthepeoplebyfederalism,checksandbalances, separationofpowers,andbalancingpowerbetweensmallandlargestates

OnewaytheConstitutionguardsagainsttyrannyisFederalism.Federalismisbasicallythepowersgiventothestates,tothecentralgovernment,andpowersthetwoshare. DocumentAstatesthatthecentralgovernmentcanregulatetrade,conductforeignrelations anddeclarewar.Italsosaysthatthestatescansetuplocalgovernments,holdelectionsandestablishschools.AsJamesMadisonsaid,”Thedifferentgovernmentswilleachcontroleachother,atthesametimethateachwillbecontrolledbyitself.”WhatJamesMadisonissaying isthatthecentralandstategovernmentshaveenoughpowerthattheydon’tcontroleverything.Thecentralgovernmenthasenoughpowertohelpsomeofthecountry’smajorneedsand thestategovernmenthasenoughpowertohelpthestate’sindividual,morestatespecificneeds.Fromthis,onemayconcludethatdividingpowersbetweenthecentralandstate governmentspreventstyranny.

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Anotherwaytheconstitutionguardsusfromtyrannyisseparationofpowers.Itguardsusfromtyrannybydividingthebranchesofgovernment.Forexample,inDocumentBit says,”Libertyrequiresthatthegreatdepartmentsofpowersshouldbeseparateanddistinct.”ThismeansthattheLegislativeBranchshouldbedifferentfromtheExecutiveortheJudicialBranch.Thedifferentbranchescouldhavedifferentviewpoints.Thiscanpreventtyrannyby keepingeachpowerfrominterferingwiththeotherbutatthesametimekeepitfromdoing anythingunconstitutional.

ThethirdwaytheConstitutionguardsusagainsttyrannybyusingchecksandbalances.InDocumentC,itsays,”…theconstantaimistodivideandarrangetheseveralofficesin suchamannerasthattheymaybeacheckontheother….TheThreeBranchesshouldnotbesofarseparatedastohavenoconstitutionalcontrolovereachother.”Thisbasicallymeansotherbranchchecksoneachothertomakesuretheyhaveallthesameamountofpowerandeachbranchisnotabusingitsownpower.Theycheckbyusingtheirequalpowerand approvingordisapprovingsomethingthattheotherbranchhasdone,forexample,the ExecutiveBranchcanvetoacongressionallegislation,however,LegislativeBranchcan overridethepresidentialveto.Ifonebranchbecomesoverpowered,thenitmayconsider tyranny,inwhich,onebranchhasabsolutecontroloverthewholegovernment.

ThefourthandfinalwaytheConstitutionguardsusfromtyrannyisbyhavingequal representationfromallthestates.InDocumentD,itstates,”Thenumberofrepresentatives shallnotexceedoneforeverythirtythousand,buteachstateshallhaveatleastone representative…TheSenateoftheUnitedStatesshallbecomposedbythelegislaturesthereofforsixyears;andeachsenatorshallhaveonevote.”TheselawsintheConstitutionareto makesurethatallthestateshaveequalpower.Theymustallhaveequalrepresentationso thattheycanhaveasayinthegovernment.IftheConstitutionwasnotexistent,somestateswouldhavetotalcontroloverotherstatesbecausethesmallerstatesdidn’thaveasay.The powersthepeoplehave,alsokeeppeoplewhomakelawsfrombeinginthegovernmentfor toolongbecausetheycouldgaintoomuchpower.