Animal experimentation is having scientists use animals to advance, modify, and create new medicines or products for us humans. Conducting experiments on animals for the advancement of mankind has been a controversial topic spoke about for years. Animal experimentation has been addressed as an ethical issue yet scientists still do not make experiments as humane as possible. For example, “animals in the Chicago vivarium, a container keeping animals under semi-natural conditions for study, languish in featureless rooms or sterile cages without access to daylight and with little opportunity to express their natural behaviors and aptitudes” (Eisenman). This paper will discuss the ongoing debate about animal experimentation, and the two sides of whether animal experimentation is or is not morally acceptable.Animal experimentation has been a debated subject talked about for years. Everyone asks the big question, whether or not it is morally acceptable. Animal experimentation is the use of animal species in experiments to recreate certain behavioral and biological systems and patterns of humans instead experimenting directly on humans. According to People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, also known as Peta, “100 million animals… are killed in the United States in laboratories for biology lessons, medical training, curiosity-driven experimentation. Animals are such a preference to furthermore research since their physiology is similar to human physiology” (Francione). This gives the scientist an insight on how a human would react to certain products. Cosmetic brands often use animal experimentation during the development of their products. A few cosmetic brands that use animals to test out their products are the following: Avon, Benefit, Clinique, Estee Lauder, Maybelline, Victoria’s Secret, and many more well-known brands. Animal experiments are conducted to test out products for the safety of humans, so the product is not harming the consumers. Also, the scientists who conduct research on these animals must follow certain regulations. When conducting an experiment, the scientist must treat the animals in a “humane” manner. The Animal Welfare Act protects certain animals in certain facilities, so the animals rights are not being taken advantage of. To clarify, the animals are being treated correctly when going through the experiments, and they are helping mankind, although they are in containers.Experimenting on animals is accounted as being morally unacceptable because humans are causing suffering to animals. Not only does it affect the animals, but it affects mankind as well. The Animal Welfare Act was signed into law in 1966 by President Lyndon B. Johnson. The act was created so animals would not be treated poorly. “The law only regulates in the United States for the treatment of animals in research, exhibition, transport, and by dealers” (Kuwahara). The Animal Welfare Act, also known as AWA, directs the Secretary of the United States Department of Agriculture to promote standards to govern the humane handling of the animals. “People who are proponents of animals, believe that the Animal Welfare Act is not effective due to the fact that it only protects certain animals in certain facilities”(Kuwahara). Animal welfare allows people to use animals as food, clothing, experimentation, and many other things as long as they are following “humane” guidelines. These “humane” guidelines are along the lines of; to not do too much testing on the animals, animals should not live their whole life in a vivarium because it causes mental issues with the animals, and animals should be provided with their necessary needs such as food.Scientists will continue to use animals to bring advancements in a wide variety of fields. Mankind needs animals, to test out products, and create new advances in a variety of fields. “We have no moral justification for using non-humans and because animals are property or economic commodities laws or industry practices requiring “humane” treatment will, as a general matter, fail to provide any meaningful level of protection” (Garner & Francione). To clarify, Garner favors eliminating suffering towards animals and prefers to advocate that animal-welfare ethic is philosophically flawed. The University College Cork was experimenting with a lot of animals during the duration of five years for research. “There was a concern with the University College Cork’s usage of animals because the university is failing to address the pain and death it causes to animals, with their death toll remaining broadly static at 4,000 to 4,500 a year”(Darragh). According to the University College Cork, there were 4,162 live animals that were used in research last year. The University College Cork’s vice-president for research and innovation Professor Anita R. Maguire said: “Alternatives to live-animal experiments are widely used by the university, but the use of animals had produced beneficial results that could not otherwise be achieved” (Darragh). John Banville, a person who was against experimentation of animals, stated, “If the animals don’t suffer, why don’t the researchers volunteer themselves?” (Darragh). A documentary and reference guide concerning the lives of these animals going through testing has been put out to the public. The public has reacted differently depending on their moral judgment.To conclude, animal experimentation has been going on for several years and companies will continue to use animals as long as they are following the regulations. Animal experimentation is good due to the fact that it advances medicines for humans and scientists as long as they follow certain regulations for the animals. The animals should not be harmed during the process because of the Animal Welfare Act. The Animal Welfare Act provides safety towards the animals. On the other hand, animal experimentation is bad because not all animals qualify for the Animal Welfare Act. Only certain animals in certain facilities qualify for the “humane” process. Although animals are put through a lot of testing, they are advancing and modifying medicines. The animals make it simpler for mankind to continue living in an environment where products are not hazardous. The big topic about whether or not to use animals for our own purposes will continue to be a controversial topic that will never have a right or wrong answer.