In this assignment we have been asked to tell how the ghosts of Marley, Christmas past, Christmas present and Christmas future persuade scrooge to change his attitude to money and to mankind. We should give a detailed description of Dickens reasons and inspiration behind The Christmas carol and take into account scrooge’s reaction to each of the ghost. Charles Dickens was born on the second of February 1812 in Portsmouth. His farther, John Dickens worked as a clerk. His mother, Elizabeth Barrow, like his farther worked also as a clerk in the navy.
He was also one of six children, Frances, Charles, Laeitia, Fredrick, Alfred and Augustus. In 1814 the family moved to London. Then to Trent, Then back to London again. Until the family finally settle in Camdentown. In 1824 John Dickens was imprisoned for debt in Mulshalsea prison. With his farther in prison, Charles began work as child labour at a shoe-blacking warehouse causing Charles to have limited schooling. In 1827-28 was an apprentice to a solicitor and began to gather the skill shorthand. 1829-30 dickens was a freelance reporter at doctor’s common courts and became a shorthand reporter.
He then be came a journalist for the true sun in 1832. Then in 1835 he moved to work for the morning chronicle. In that same year he got engaged to Catherine Hogarth, daughter of the editor of the evening chronicle, to whom he married in 1836. Then in 1849 he wrote his first book David copperfield This novello is set in London in mid Victorian England. Locations are not described in depth but form backdrops to the ghosts. Interiors of houses are described very well e. g. the transformation of scrooges home by the ghost of Christmas present and the preparations for Mr fezziewig Christmas ball.
The homes of Fred, The Cratchets, belle and Caroline are also shown in detail. A Christmas Carol is a novello, which is a short story that is not long to be a novel. Instead of chapter divisions it has stave divisions. Its structure reflects its content. There are 5 staves, the 3 central staves show the reader the 3 spirits of Christmas past, present and future. These are framed by to staves, which serve as epilogues and prologue. Marley’s ghost introduces the reader to scrooge and his moral failings. Stave 5 shows us how after the visits of the spirits scrooge reforms and becomes a better person to mankind.
The 3 central staves correspond to times in scrooge’s life, his past, his present and his future to the other people who have been affected by scrooge’s unkindness. Dickens uses many complex sentence structures, subordinate clauses and lists. E. g. when scrooge replies to his nephew Fred, “What’s Christmas time to you, but a time for paying bills, a time for finding yourself a year older but not an hour richer. A time for balancing you books and having every item in them through a round dozen of months presented dead against you. ” There are many characters in the Christmas carol but the story is mainly based on just a few.
Scrooge, the main character on which the story is based, is a mean old man who despises charity and anything that involves him doing something for others. We also know that scrooge disregards the poor, when he says to the charity collectors that the poor people should go to the boarding houses then when then charity workers tell him that some would rather die than go there he says hey should go and do it then. The other characters are both natural and supernatural- marley’s ghost, Christmas past, Christmas present and Christmas future.
Marley’s ghost introduces the possibility of a supernatural world, a world beyond scrooge’s physical senses and material values to him. He advises scrooge of the significance of the ghostly visitors. Each of the following spirits alerts scrooge to his failures and their consequences. They show scrooge the error of his ways and sometimes play devils advocate. The remaining characters populate scrooges world and give the reader a cross section of Victorian society: the poor, honest, respectable workers who depend upon scrooge the employer-the cratchits.
They have a large family and an invalid son to support on scrooge’s poor wages. Scrooge’s nephew Fred and his wife represent the prosperous, liberal middle class. Both Fred and the cratchit’s, who have less money than scrooge, wish him well and attempt to communicate with him. Tiny Tim might symbolise the poor in society, the victims of Victorian capitalism who rely upon charity in the absence of state charity. There are interesting styrotypes; the businessmen who do not grieve at scrooge’s death: the laundress, charwoman an undertaker’s assistant who scavenge scrooge’s dead body in order to supplement their incomes.