Education: the contemporary needs in education. Private schools

Education:  India has more than 1.5 million schools with about 250 million students enrolled accounting to one of the largest number of enrolments in the world. The most striking feature is the role of the private sector, which operates 25% of the 1.5 million schools but accounts for more than 50% of the total enrolments. Though Government of India has been increasing provisions of elementary education through RTE, Sarva Sikhsha Abhiyan, more than quarter enrolments in rural India are in private schools. This is primarily because of its better services. Private schools have better infrastructure including audio and video teaching aids which are essential for physical and mental development of the child. They accord for more trained staff as per the contemporary needs in education. Private schools can use different hiring standards than public schools, which have strict guidelines for special education teachers. Recent developments of private institutes is their approach towards psychological development of the children. Many incentives like providing counselling for range of issues effecting children and adolescents, conducting assessments in learning, social, emotional and behavioural domains and are providing assessment for overall development. Private schools cover the entire curriculum and offer extra-curricular activities like science fairs, general knowledge sessions, sports, music and drama for holistic development. ICT has been used for effective learning support, instructional teaching, self-learning and assessment services by the private educational institutions. Most of the schools have their classrooms integrated with Whiteboard, Projector for visual aid learning besides “chalk and talk” methodology. With the increasing emphasis for communication skills and personality development assessment for selection into various occupations, the curriculum followed by the private sector is more ahead than that of the government institutions. A report by NCAER shows 65% of private school students are able to meet class tow-level reading criteria, as opposed to 45% for government school students. Most of the private schools have smaller class sizes. One of the key points of private institutes is individual attention. On the other hand, public schools are characterised by larger class sizes minimising individual care and attention. Private schools maintain better hygiene, sanitation and environment than government schools which could safeguard the health of the students. Most of the government schools in India lack basic amenities of toilets and drinking water. In this case a student wants to go to washroom he/she has to walk back home. The channel cited is one of the major reasons for high drop-out rate of girl students. Many government schools have not been renovated since long time. Most of the government schools in rural areas are not proper schools but confined to one room.
Private schools are usually willing to provide certain accommodations like extra time on tests and assistive technology. Pranab Mukherjee, former President of India praised the role of private sectarian education and economic growth of the country