For our report,
we will have to study about how perception works, and how to record the
perception of the interviewee. First of all, what is perception? Widely known
definition of perception is “ability to perceive something or be aware of
something through the five senses”. This means that whatever our five senses
notice or be conscious of that is perception, whatever we feel, see, hear,
touch, and taste will be applicable towards perception. To explain the etymology of the word
“perception” it “originated from the old French word “perceivre” which means to
notice, see, recognize, or understand” (Goldstein, 149). In psychology, the
word perception is defined as “The way in which inputs from the sense organs
are organized, analyzed, and interpreted in a meaningful way. It is a way in
which assign meaning to our experiences” (Goldstein, 149); which means how the
sense organs processes our external stimuli in an important or significant way.
In the terms of
psychology, there are factors that influence perception, why is the stimulus this and how come the recognizer or perceiver
understood that way, and the perceiver or recognizer or the stimulus; these
two are the main factors or the factors most understood or the common factors
because `they cannot be separated, how would you understand the stimulus if
there was no recognizer or perceiver of the stimulus. Sometimes the reason of
the stimulus is powerful and attracts attention towards the perceiver or
recognizer, this is commonly known as Intense stimulus or a stimulus that would
attract your span of attention, i.e. You are talking to a person then someone
punctures your finger with a nail, of course your span of attention would shift
to the nail puncturing your finger because it was painful and spontaneous.
Likewise, those stimuli that are repeated, those are the highly unorthodox,
those that would never end, and those that are in motion would be better
perceived because they would attract the human mind through the curiosity of
the human mind those stimuli would be better received because it is either that
the brain would like to comprehend the stimuli or it is an unnatural occurrence
for the recognizer to see that stimuli.
The factor of
the perceiver is a significant factor because not everyone would perceive pain
the same way, something that is important to you might not be important to others;
because everything isn’t the same for everyone they have their own unique
experiences towards the stimuli, I.e. A normal human being wouldn’t fear a
small nail but if someone survived from tetanus and saw a nail they would be
terrified because they had a different experience towards something. “We call
these perceiver factors, Internal factors, they are the characteristics that
would make a stimuli unique towards them, such as culture, interest, past
experiences, culture, and motives would make a difference in interpretation in
things” (Goldstein, 144); everyone would have a unique experience because all
of us have a unique way of thinking and looking at things because of the
ever-changing human mind would continue to baffle to us because of its
unpredictability towards experiences or encounters.
is experienced, the human mind would trny its best to create or make sense out
of the encounter by structuring or organizing the world in a meaningful way.
This is referred to as Gestalt laws of organization” (Goldstein, 149). These were created by Gestalt psychologists
because they contend that the human mind has a nature to organize things so
that it would make them feel better or normal towards the physical world, as
well to perceive sensory patterns and organize wholes rather than into separate
parts because it would make them feel comforted or remove the disorder in their
mind. These are the principles of organization:
Law of similarity – This law states items are
perceived unique similar pattern . This picture is has triangles arranged in
a pattern of the Statue of Liberty.
of Proximity- “This law states that items that are close proximity together
are seen as a unit. Circles on the right are perceived in a row, while on the
left are perceived in a column” (Goldstein, 149).
of Closure- This law states that incomplete figures are mentally completed or
perfectly filled so that there would be order.
of continuity- This law states that we see items form a single path. Even
though intersect they have their own unique path.
When it comes to
explaining what we saw or perceived psychologists usually divide themselves in
two unique camps: First is bottom-up processing which is also known as data
driven processing/inductive reasoning, those who use bottom-up processing uses
strong physical evidence based from the general ideas of society, such as if a
man wasn’t treated well as a child then the man would be a cynical man because
his childhood was filled with bad and malicious experiences. Opposing camp
would be top-down or deductive reasoning which uses logical reasoning in order
to reach a certain conclusion when we say logical reasoning we use the
conditions based on a statement, i.e. God is an intangible being, all
intangible beings are powerful and manipulative, therefore God is a powerful
manipulative intangible being.