Indians the most important public issues. In 1937,

Indians gained freedom under the leadership of Gandhi
Ji, but his dream of clean India is still unfulfilled. Mahatma Gandhi said
sanitation is more important than independence.

During Gandhi Ji second trip to India from South
Africa he attended the congress session in Calcutta to  plead the cause of ill-treated Indians in
South Africa. As conditions of Congress Camp was horrible some delegates used
the veranda in front of their room as Latrines. Gandhi Ji Immediately reacting
to this spoke to the volunteers, they said ; “This is not our job this is sweepers
job”. Gandhi asked for a broom and cleaned the filth.

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He criticised many Western customs but repeatedly
admitted that he learnt extensive lessons on sanitation from the West and
wanted to introduce that type of cleanliness in India. Till January 29, 1948, a
day before he was assassinated, he considered cleanliness as one of the most
important public issues. In 1937, he received a letter written by a villager of
Birbhum in West Bengal, asking him about his concept of an ideal village, and
the problems that plagued Indian villages. In response, he wrote: “An ideal
village will be so constructed as to lend itself to perfect sanitation. The
very first problem the village worker will solve is its sanitation.” In 1941,
he wrote a booklet titled Constructive Programme — Its Meaning And Place for
Congress workers which, in his own words “may otherwise and more fittingly be
called construction of Poorna Swaraj or complete Independence by truthful and
non-violent means.” He listed as many as 18 programmes and placed village
sanitation in the 6th position. On 28 January 1948, he advised the Congress
party to go into voluntary liquidation and form the Lok Sevak Sangh, and even
drafted a constitution for the members of the proposed Sangh — “He shall
educate the village folk on all measures for prevention of ill
health and disease among them.”



The next major step towards cleanliness was taken in
the year 1999 by the Indian Government.
Government of India restructured the Comprehensive Rural
Sanitation Programme and launched the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC)
which was later  renamed “Nirmal
Bharat Abhiyan”, or NBA.


Major activities covered under Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan

Construction of individual household
latrines for which the enhanced incentive for individual household latrine
units has been extended to all Below Poverty Line (BPL) Households and Above
Poverty Line Households (APL) restricted to SCs/STs, small and marginal
farmers, landless labourers with homestead, physically handicapped and women
headed households.

Convergence with Mahatma Gandhi National
Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme for additional financial assistance.Provision
of sanitation facilities in Government Schools and Anganwadis in Government

Assistance to Production Centres of sanitary
materials and Rural Sanitary Marts, Provision of construction of Community
Sanitary Complexes.

Solid and Liquid Waste management (SLWM)
to be taken up in project mode for each Gram Panchayat (GP) with financial
assistance capped for a GP on the basis of number of household to enable all
Panchayats to implement sustainable SLWM projects.

Information Education Communication (IEC)
activities for sustainable demand generation for sanitation facility.

Provision of extensive capacity building
of the stake holders like Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), Village Water and
Sanitation Committees (VWSCs) and field functionaries for sustainable


Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan was restructured by Cabinet
approval on 24 September 2014 as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.


To achieve the dream of Late Mahatma Gandhi. Narendra
Modi and his Government  took an
initiative of clean India. Prime Minister 
. Narendra Modi Ji said that A clean India would be the best tribute
India could pay to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150 birth anniversary in 2019 while
launching the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan at Rajpath in New Delhi. On 2nd October
2014, Swachh Bharat Mission was launched throughout length and breadth of the
country as a national movement. The campaign aims to achieve the vision of a
‘Clean India’ by 2nd October 2019.

The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is the most significant
cleanliness campaign by the Government of India. Shri Narendra Modi led a
cleanliness pledge at India Gate, which about thirty lakh government employees
across the country joined. He also flagged off a walkathon at Rajpath and surprised
people by joining in not just for a token few steps, but marching with the
participants for a long way. He gave the mantra of ‘Na gandagi karenge, Na
karne denge.’ Shri Narendra Modi also invited nine people to join the
cleanliness drive and requested each of them to draw nine more into the
initiative. By inviting people to participate in the drive, the Swachhta
Abhiyan has turned into a National Movement. A sense of responsibility has been
evoked among the people through the Clean India Movement. With citizens now
becoming active participants in cleanliness activities across the nation, the
dream of a ‘Clean India’ once seen by Mahatma Gandhi has begun to get a shape.

People from different sections of the society have
come forward and joined this mass movement of cleanliness. From government
officials to jawans, bollywood actors to the sportspersons, industrialists to
spiritual leaders, all have lined up for the noble work. Millions of people
across the country have been day after day joining the cleanliness initiatives
of the government departments, NGOs and local community centres to make India
clean. Organising frequent cleanliness campaigns to spreading awareness about
hygiene through plays and music is also being widely carried out across the nation.