Introduction Making finance flows consistent with a

Introduction

Paris agreement.
U.S quit the Paris agreement.
Lot of noise on worldwide.
What is the reason does U.S quit
the agreement.
China try to led in climate
protection.
How it will influence between
china and U.S in the agreement.
What will help in the trade as
china in the international place.

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Paris
Agreement

This is the agreement that the
united nations framework convention on climate change (UNFCCC) will start
to handle greenhouse gas emission reduction, adaptation and financing by
2020
The language of the agreement was
negotiated by representatives of 196 parties at the COP21 Paris convention
and adopted by consensus on 12 December 
2015
The agreement aims to keep global
temperature rise this century, much lower than the pre-industrial level of
2 degrees Celsius to address the threat of global climate change, and efforts to
further temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius

Aims of
Paris Agreement

“enhancing the implementation” of the UNFCCC through

Controlling the global average
temperatures in well below 2 ° C above pre-industrial levels
and  to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 ° C above
pre-industrial levels ,recognizes that this will significantly reduce the
risk and impact of climate change
 Increase the ability to
adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change and foster climate
resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development, in a manner that
does not threaten food production
Making finance flows consistent
with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient
development.

Nationally
determined contributions

The contribution that each country
should make to achieve the worldwide goals are individually defined by
all countries as “country-specific contributions” (NDCs).
Article 3 requires them to be
“ambitious” , “to represent progress” and to
“achieve the purpose of this agreement”.
Contributions should be reported
every five years and be registered by the UNFCCC secretariat.
Each further ambition should be
more ambitious than the previous one, known as the principle of
“progress.”

United
States withdrawal from the Paris Agreement

United States President Donald
Trump  stated that “The Paris accord will undermine (the U.S.)
economy,” and “puts (the U.S.) at a permanent disadvantage
Also, he said, the agreement
“punished” the United States and let the United States lose
millions of jobs.

Influence

Scientists predict global
temperatures will rise by 4.2 degrees Celsius by 2010 if emissions are not
limited. If the commitments in the Paris agreement are fully implemented,
the global warming will be controlled at 3.3 degrees Celsius by 2100
If the United States withdrew, the
warming rate will reach 3.6 degrees Celsius

Analysis

Trump believes that is not fair in
the Paris agreement, in addition, the United States need to contribute 75%
cost for every year
Another is the difference between
the emission reduction requirements of all countries, it will cause the
United States to lose its competitiveness.
The US Environmental Protection in
the late 1960s became the focus of attention of the
American public and the government. The United States has established a
relatively sound environmental protection input mechanism by relying on
its mature market mechanism, developed capital market, strong economic
foundation and sound environmental management laws and regulations.
.
According to “Numbeo”
data show that China’s air pollution index was 86.82 in 2017, India is
76.63, compared with US pollution index was 31.44, close to the Germany of
27.18.
The United States is one of the
world’s energy consuming countries. Maintaining such a clean environment
in a big energy consumer country also reflects the U.S. investment in
environmental protection.
Under the Paris agreement, the
United States does not just pay about 75 billion U.S. dollars each year
only, and there had be  many
industries because the United States wants to further reduce emissions.
This will eventually increase US
energy costs, impact on normal business ,economic development, and led to
the US economic downturn eventually.
When the U.S. government faces a
shortage of funds, what is worrying whether the United States will still
be able to improve domestic pollution problems and help the international
community to protect the environment.

China’s role

Climate protection is also an
opportunity for China; and the withdrawal of the United States fits in
exactly with the ambition of the CCP to pursue its position in the world.
In addition, if China does not
control air pollution again, it will be equivalent to “political
suicide”
Because of the severity of air
pollution in China, the possibility of a mass protest against the
government can not be ruled out.
For China, the agreement is one
thing, the implementation and standards are another.
Trump quit the Paris Agreement, so
that China will own organic billed to the responsible international
agreement on climate change defenders.
But China is not willing to play
the sole role of defending the Paris agreement. Several Chinese experts
said it may turn to the EU and other developing countries such as India
and South Africa for help in controlling the negotiation direction.
In addition, China is still in the
world’s biggest emitter of carbon dioxide as embarrassing situations.
Furthermore, even though it limits the construction of coal power plants
in the country, it also increases the output of such power plants.
Liu Li of Greenpeace said that if
China can reduce the output of coal-fired power plants to develop more
stringent pollution standards and is committed to exporting clean energy
technologies, then it is more eligible to carry the banner of the leader.

Overview

According to the data, in 2016,
the investment in water conservancy, environment and public facilities
management reached 6.86 trillion RMB
China’s environmental
protection industry is engaged in different criteria

Equipment production
Engineering
Service operations
Etc.
The total amount of chemical
oxygen demand, ammonia nitrogen, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides
dropped

New “Environmental
Protection Law” has been effective

Strengthen the response to
environmental pollution problem

Competitive

In the environmental protection
industry 98% are swage treatment, air pollution treatment and solid waste.
Therefore, some companies will
expand their business chains and expand business areas to become
integrated environmental service providers through business expansion or
acquisition
Environmental protection-related
industries employ > 6000 units
> 250 billion revenue
Multinational corporations
actively enter the mainland market
Example:

Veolia

Conclusion

Paris
agreement is a good action for climate protection
in worldwide.
U.S ‘s situation
has bring a opportunity to china to get more leadership on international
place.
For
china, there has lots advantages as,

Promote
the economy.
Increase
the trade as import/export in international market.
Improve
the competition between the international market.