This meant there was generally little time for anything especially leisure time. In 1938, the holidays with pay was introduced by an act of parliament. This gave people entitlements to holidays, which was very new to people. This gave the working class more free time and was paid for. The hours worked per week have decreased, giving people more leisure time. This can be shown in a graph. I got the information for this graph from Census 2001. The graph illustrates a steady decrease in the average hours worked per week since the 1920`s. The information from census shows that from 1920 to 2001 the average hours have decreased by 10.
11 hours. This proves that decreased working hours mean that leisure time is increased. I predict that in 20 years time working hours will decrease to 33 hours. In the 21st century, more and more people work flexible time. The flexible patterns of work include part time and working shifts, such as working nights, which means people have free days to do what they want. People therefore have more time for leisure, which links to the increase of Travel and Tourism since the 1920`s, making it the fastest growing industry. The UK population is split up into many categories.
Young people who go to school have holidays in which they have time to what they want. This leads to an increase in leisure time. Secondly, working people have an average of 6 weeks holiday in which they can do as they wish. But the main distribution to the increase leisure time is the retired people. Many people are sick of working and are always looking for an early retirement. This adds to the increase of leisure time. Also in the UK, there is a large population of people over 55 which are retired. This means they have everyday to do what they want.
This increases leisure time and therefore travel and tourism. Conclusion. The increase in leisure time has a clear relationship with the increase in travel and tourism. This is because more people therefore have time to visit places and do what they want. Travel and tourism benefits from this greatly as people spend money and visit new places with the increased time they have for leisure. This therefore shows why there is a link between the increased leisure time and the ever increasing industry of travel and tourism. Increasing Disposable Income. People work to earn money.
This money firstly, is used to pay for the essentials and basic needs we have. This is income. These necessities are: 1) Lighting, water, electricity, heating and gas. These are services which everyone needs and income needs to be spent on. 2) Clothes, food and drink which are basic essentials people need. 3) Rent and mortgage. 4) Furnishings. 5) Communication such as phones or letters. 6) Transport. Minus all these factors from the income, what money is left over is disposable income. This money is what we use for travel and tourism and is not essential.
This therefore can give people choices such as going on holiday. This therefore is adding to Travel and tourism. The graph shows the increase of disposable income since 1971. As you can see form the graph, there has been a steady increase. I predict that it will continue to rise. The economy has a boom/bust cycle. In a recession, in which in the UK we haven’t had since 1993, but it’s associated with high unemployment. This meant that there was less disposable income. But at the moment, in the year 2004 we are on a boom. Suggesting the economy determines the amount of leisure time and what people can afford to do.
This graph came from Social Trends 30. The graphs shows how we are spending more and more on leisure and things which aren’t essential to life. The graph proves that disposable income is increasing. This means people have more money to spend on travel and tourism, suggesting why this industry is growing so fast. Young people don’t generally have income and therefore don’t have to pay for mortgages; they have their own money to do what they want with it. This is normally related to leisure and therefore has an impact on travel and tourism. This graph from www. statistics. gov. uk
During most of the 1990s, the growth in average earnings has outpaced the growth in retail prices. The graph shows that despite the fact earnings are going down slowly, so is retail price at a much faster rate. This suggests that people can still afford to have money left over for leisure and therefore travel and tourism is still a booming industry. Conclusion. Increasing disposable income has an impact on travel and tourism. As disposable income increases, this therefore means more people have money to spend on leisure activities and things people enjoy. This relates to the increase of travel and tourism.
Increased levels of pay. Increased levels of pay can be shown in this graph below. This graph came from: http://www. statistics. gov. uk In the graph you can see that in the 90`s, average earnings have gone down but they have recovered a little. But if we compare this to the 1950`s they were much lower. In 1900 the average earnings including part time was i?? 49. 00 and in 1983 the average earnings rocketed up to i?? 5526. 00. Whereas in the year 2000 the average earning was i?? 18252. 00. This shows the gradual increase of earnings since the 90`s. This can be shown better in the graph below:
This graph came from: http://www. statistics. gov. uk/articles/labour_market_trends/century_ labour_market_change_mar2003. pdf This shows how earnings have dramatically increased since 1970. This will mean people will have more money to spend on domestic and outbound tourism. Conclusion The link with the increased levels of pay and tourism is very clear. The more money people earn the more disposable income people have to spend on leisure, going on visits, and things which aren’t essential to life. This therefore increases travel and tourism. Life Stage. Everyone in life is at a different stage.
We can group these stages and relate them to what people enjoy to do in their leisure time. The youth would certainly not enjoy participating in what the elderly would like to do in their spare time. Also the stage of your life dictates how frequently you go and visit places and the type of tourism. I got this graph from: http://www. staruk. org. uk This table shows that the proportions who take the most trips are the groups 25-44. Most people this age have the energy and time to go on trips.
Whereas 55-64 take the least trips. This could be due to the fact that this generation is older and less energetic. This shows that whether it is domestic tourism or going abroad, the biggest group who add to the tourism industry is group aged 25-44. 2002 2001 2000 % of Trips % of Trips % of Trips Age 16-34 single with no children under 16 14 15 15 Age 16-34 married with no children under 16 7 6 6 Age 16-34 married or single with children under 16 15 15 16 Age 35-54 married or single with no children under 16 18 17 17 Age 35-54 married or single with children under 16 22 21 20 Age 55+ 24 25 25 I got this graph of: http://www.staruk. org. uk This shows that the group in which go on the most trips are 55+.
This is because they have the most disposable income as they have retired and also have a lot of spare time for enjoyment. The group which go on the least amount of trip is the age 16-34 married with no children under 16. This could be because of these people this age could be spending valuable money and time in getting a house and furnishing it. Conclusion. From the above data I can see that patterns in travel and tourism vary according to age and gender. This is because people’s interests differ in contrast to how old they are and their sex.
This illustrates that different sectors in travel and tourism with benefit from each of these age groups. 2. Technological Developments. Improved and reliable car technology. Cars are always improving, whether its fastness or size. In recent times cars have become much more reliable and efficient. There are so many cars on the market choices are endless. These are the claims which Vauxhall make about their new range of cars: Vauxhall Astra The Astra may not be a fashion statement but is one of the most reliable cars around. Engines are powerful torques and suspensions are a ‘Lotus-car-like’ stiff.
Add that to fuel economy and price economy – and what you get is a smart family car in the Astra. Vauxhall Corsa The Vauxhall Corsa is easily one of the most popular car in the UK. It’s well-built, reliable and easy on the pocket. Vauxhall Corsa is available in a wide range of engine sizes and options-trims, Corsas are also potent performers. No wonder, that the Vauxhall Corsa is such a success! The claims in which Vauxhall make are their cars are extremely reliable and successful. Also they can be for a family but still look sophisticated. This means they are very appealing to the public. Conclusion
The motor industry rapidly developed the technologies associated with the speed of travel, efficiency and fuel economy making it much easier and reliable for people to get around and visiting places. This therefore has an impact on travel and tourism as people have the flexibility to go when they want as cars are so much more reliable today. The motorway Network. The motorway era started in Lancashire. The Preston Bypass section of the M6 was the first motorway that opened in 1958. As you can see from the map I included of the motorway network in the UK in section about the car owning society.
It shows how easy and efficient it is to travel around the UK. It therefore reduces travel time because of the amount of lanes making it easier to over take and go at a faster speed. They also don’t have traffic lights and roundabouts which reduces time from the journey. It is also easy to get onto the motorway system on slip roads. This means people all over the UK can travel on the motorway systems and make their journey more efficient and quicker. Conclusion. Clearly the motorway network has a relationship with the increasing levels of travel and tourism. The motorway enables people to travel to destinations all over the UK, quicker.