JOURNAL Noun: Journals; Verb: Journal; 3rd Person




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The word ‘Journal’ is derived from
the French word ‘Jour’ and the Latin word ‘Diurnalis’ which depicts the word
“Daily.” The derivation indicates that a Journal is associated with an act that
is performed on a regular or daily basis. The word Journal is not just
connected to a daily act but has several ties with other activities too which
will be discussed further below. The word Journal is used as a noun in the
grammatical field. The other forms of Journal as a verb are as follows:

Noun: Journal; Plural Noun:
Journals; Verb: Journal; 3rd Person Present: Journals; Past Tense:
Journaled; Past Participle: Journaled; Present Participle: Journaling.


word Journal portraying different definitions under different fields are as

In Literature’s Field:
Journal is defined as a regular or daily act of recording things in a textual
form in the literary domain.

In Commerce’s Field:
Journal is defined as a daily documentation of business transactions under
Debit and Credit in the commercial domain. It is also referred as a

In Journalism’s Field:
Journal is defined as an article in a newspaper, magazine, tabloid, etc. in the
Journalism domain. A few examples are professional articles like medical,
academic, or scholar journals, etc. 

few definitions of a Journal are as follows:

definition of a Journal: A journal is a diary that records a person’s personal
thoughts and experiences or a publication associated with a particular industry
or domain. An example of the above definition is a person keeping a diary and
recording their own personal thoughts and experiences which they have dealt

Basic definition of
a Journal: A journal is written documentation of encounters, ideas, and
inspections. It is referred to many titles like a Notebook, Diary, Logbook,

A personal journal
is a very intimate document where an author records their reflections on their
life’s encounters and experiences.

Journal vs. Diary (Similarities and Differences)



A journal
is quite more than just a mere diary and even if it does records daily
activities, it also contains the details of a person’s feelings around a
particular day, or the details of a special encounter or problem that occurred,
or details about a particular person or incident and how influenced the author in
an emotional manner. A journal is an emotional and intimate article that gives
an individual the space to showcase their inner thoughts privately as journals
are commonly supposed to kept in a private manner unless you are in a school where
journal writing is promoted for the students and they are also asked to share
their texts and whatever else material they composed.

A journal commonly
has no official format or guidelines as it does not requires editing or a
cautious planning and thinking. It is a mere procedure of feelings and ideas written
down as they strike the author’s mind without inhibitions. Journals are generally
not written on a daily basis and can be written more or less regularly as it
all depends on the writer’s needs to express their thoughts. Journals can have
contain items other than texts like pictures, poems, quotes, drawings, etc.


A document where all
the daily activities are collected and recorded is known as a Diary. This
indicates that the writer can describe how their day went, or what activities
they performed during the day, or their general routine along with anything that
needs to be done. A diary is written in a more disciplined manner than a
journal as an individual makes a log of events occurred, may it be a successful
completion, or a work that needs to be done in the near future, or any
achievements, aims, or objectives. Diaries are utilized on a regular basis,
generally at the end of the day where all the events that happened throughout
the day are recorded. Diary writing is a very basic activity and can be performed
by anyone who wants to keep a record of their days to make sure that they will
always know how they spent each day. Diary writing doesn’t requires any special
skill or technique.

Similarities between a Journal and a Diary

Journals and Diaries may be different on the factual basis but
there are still many similar aspects between them that relate a diary with a
journal. Both of them are quite similar in their basic structures as they both
are used by a person to record their personal feelings and experiences. They
both can be kept by any individual without any professional guidelines. They
both can contain whatever pleases their author may it be personal or
professional. There are no regulations and norms on how a journal or a diary is
supposed to be written and no special skill is required to compose them which
makes them quite similar on a formation basis.

Differences between a Journal and a Diary

Journals and diaries
are generally mistaken as the same by many individuals. A single book is
utilized which is maintained as a journal and a diary both as many people do
not comprehend the difference between the same. The diary is a book which
record’s an individual’s daily commotions. A journal is a more elaborate article
than a diary as is holds the thoughts, feelings, issues of an individual and
can be used to inspect various details of their lives. Diary writing is an act
that is performed regularly while a journal can be written according to the
writer’s needs. Journal writing is a concept taught in schools while diary
writing does not can be done by any individual without a specific skill.


Diaries and journals
have been popular for over centuries and are used for writing and recording
information about a specific person. Journals are more personal than diaries;
however, both diaries and journals are generally kept private. Many people
confuse journals and diaries to be the same, even though they are quite
different to one another. The elements of a Journal and a Diary are summarized
as follows:

•      Diaries and Journals have been famous throughout the centuries
as they are utilized for writing and documenting facts about a particular event
or an individual.

•      A document where all the daily
activities are collected and recorded is known as a Diary. This indicates that
the writer can describe how their day went, or what activities they performed
during the day, or their general routine along with anything that needs to be

•      A journal is quite more than just a mere diary and even
if it does records daily activities, it also contains the details of a person’s
feelings around a particular day, or the details of a special encounter or
problem that occurred, or details about a particular person or incident and how
influenced the author in an emotional manner.

•      Diary writing is an activity that is done on a daily
basis while journal writing can be done whenever the writer feels the need to

•      While journal writing is generally taught in schools,
diary writing can be done by anyone and does not require any specific skills.

Characteristics of a Journal:

Journal presents a stage for people to unearth and portray
their feelings and ideas about the different aspects and events of their life.
All the ideas and occurrences that are recorded in a journal are authentic and
original as all the events that they wrote about were experienced and lived by
them. Journal is a chain of inspections where an individual examines the
social, political, and cultural norms of their lives which they went through
personally. People generally record all the noteworthy events of their lives in
a journal so their thoughts can be kept safe and revisited later for
reminiscence. A journal tells the story of a person’s life as they pour their
personal feelings about an incident or idea that is worthy. As it has been
discussed earlier, that a journal is a very intimate document that means that
it is not something that is meant to be read by anyone other than its author.
It improves your qualitative approach towards life as it is a safe haven for a
person to act in their most natural manner without any consequences or
repercussions. It keeps your memories and recollections intact and makes your
examination skills more acute and enhanced as you enter adulthood and obtain
maturity and practicality. It’s a retroactive manner of narrative and gives
their author an opportunity to sneak back into your past.


Journaling can prove to be a healing activity which can
improve one’s emotional health which is why creative journaling is described as
a self-healing activity. Journaling can also prove to be a manner of
self-expression in front of everyone else. It is a reflective form of writing
as it doesn’t just summarizes a series of events but also displays the critical
thinking skills of the author of the journal. A Journal also provides a
criticism and fear free space for an author to note down their real and
personal feelings which can give them a chance to broaden their horizons and enhances
their perspective about life in general. It is also an exploratory form of
writing as an individual explores various aspects of life in their daily life
which enhances their knowledge and wisdom and makes them grow as an individual
too. An example of great power exuding from a personal journal that has
influenced others in a great manner is the “Diary of Anne Frank.” It narrates
the savage and painful facts from the Holocaust period which instigates every
individual to take a step forward to saving humanity and safeguarding it. When
we talk about Anne Frank and Rosza; they both were turned into author coincidently
as they never wrote their respective journals with the goal of publishing. Even
though both Anne Frank and Rosza acquired great fame for their respective journals,
but sadly both their journals got published after they were deceased.


Most of the journals are written by utilizing
the first-person point of view, but other perspectives can also be utilized
such as:


First-person: I is
used while writing the journal as a single individual is the author of the
respective journal.

Omniscient: The journal is written from a 3rd
person perspective as the author can examine everything and outline each and
every detail about all the characters present in the journal.

Limited omniscient: The author is
aware of all the details about each and every character present but only
reveals the details of one or more characters.

Objective: Only the facts are revealed by the author of the

Diary & Journal: A Case Study

A case study of a Diary and Journal can be
conducted with a qualitative approach as it is a refined and simple research
which targets to give in for the promotion of a specific domain. For example,
Broadening and taking the thoughts and theories a bit further associated with a
definite field. Qualitative research is the primary goal of comprehending how
people explain and clarify their experiences, how they form their spheres and
the definitions they associate with the respective encounters. The primary
focal point here is the data construction, interpretation, and analyzation instead
of just data collection. The study of diaries and journals uses the most
qualitative research method that is associated with the qualitative research
paradigm. A Diary or Journal study is conducted with a non – introspective analyses
in which a researcher analyzes the diaries of other individuals as the data
analyzation here is done in a qualitative manner. A historical point of view is
required to conduct a systematic procedure from which some facts about the
procedure can be known prior to the participation in the procedure.  



Bengali Tuz: A Case Study


“Bengali Tuz” is a famous Hungarian journal written
by a Hungarian author G. Rosza Hajnoczy in which she narrated and expressed her
particular opinions, idea, encounters and all about the time she stayed in
India at Shanti Niketan Ashram of Bengal. The journal displays the features of
a travelogue journal around the time of her travel in India. It enhances your
travel encounters as it has documented stories, sketches, tropical perception,
hotels and restaurant reviews. It also held detailed notes on museums and
historical sites like ruins, temples, cathedrals, etc. and it also documented
all the conversations and confrontations with natives and co – travelers throughout
her journey. Some of the individuals you encounter and the tales told by them
last for a lifetime in your mind and memories. The journal is also considered
as a novelistic travelogue as the journal was written in an epistolary manner
that promotes actual life in a story and makes it more realistic as it copies
the operations of real life. Therefore, the journal has displayed a variety of
perspectives without the choice of an omniscient narrator. The journal is a
pile of noteworthy experiences and ideas of the author as a journal is not just
a record of a person’s encounters but it also is the place where their ideas,
thoughts, and opinions are kept which makes it an intimate article that can be
used for evaluating its author.

I will conduct a case
study on Bengali Tuz with a qualitative and comparative approach with extrovert
analyses. I will try to promote
the improvement of knowledge and wisdom in the intercultural domain. I would
also like to push the thinking process of people of the two respective
countries about each other.