My 19th century the rural population increased by

My investigation will explore the reasons why the soviet union fell and argue that (   ) had the most influence but first some background on how the nation came to be, the nation started because of a civil war during the 19th century. The revolution started because of political actions that the government was taking. The government used tsarism, which was absolute rule or a dictatorship. The government  kept regular citizens out of the government and promoted industrial growth and education. The result was tension between the government and normal population. Other important problems were rural overpopulation, “Russia had the highest rate of demographic growth in Europe; in the second half of the 19th century the rural population increased by more than 50 percent. Potentially destabilizing also was the refusal of the mass of Russian peasantry, living in communes, to acknowledge the principle of private property in land.” (Dewdney, John C) Almost 80% of the population was made of peasants and communes are land that are distributed to peasants to cultivate but are not owned by the peasants. Most did not have any sort of private property and most were not eligible for citizenship. “The intelligentsia was partly liberal, partly radical, but in either case unalterably opposed to the status quo. Radical intellectuals tried in the 1860s and ’70s to stir the peasants and workers to rebellion. Having met with no response, they adopted methods of terror, which culminated in 1881 in the assassination of Emperor Alexander II.” (Dewdney, John C) The government’s continued policies caused this new radical group to start attacking the government, their initial attempts were futile. The government was able to defend themselves from the group for 2 decades. In January 1904 liberal intellectuals formed the Union of Liberation, which was committed to fighting for democracy. “The oppositional groups received their chance in 1904–05 when Russia became involved in a war with Japan. Caused by Russia’s designs on Manchuria, the war went badly from the start, lowering the regime’s prestige in the eyes of the people.” (Dewdney, John C) In January 1905 an event that would be later known as bloody sunday occurred. Bloody Sunday occurred when workers were massacred while demonstrating a petition made by the Union of Liberation. Before the event took place Georgy Gapon the leader of the Assembly of Russian Workingmen arranged a demonstration and told authorities of his plan. The workers carried petitions with grievances and reforms that were wanted, the demonstration was held close to the Winter Palace. The emperor Nicholas II, whom Gapon wanted to see the demonstration, was not in the city. “Nicholas’s uncle, Grand Duke Vladimir—tried to stop the march and then ordered his police to fire upon the demonstrators. More than 100 marchers were killed, and several hundred were wounded.” (The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica) The result of these deaths caused more strikes, peasants rising up and mutinies in the army. On october 17 Emperor Nicholas II issued the October Manifesto in fear of a strike and the manifesto ended the system that was put into place and Russia now had a constitution and Duma was given power to veto and create proposals.