Out the most intriguing mysteries one can come

Out of all of the mysteries of the world, the Patomskiy Crater is one of the most intriguing mysteries one can come across, partly because of the fact that this Siberian crater is practically unheard of. It all started in 1949 with a geologist by the name of Vadim Kolpakov, setting out to draw a map of the Siberian region. He had heard about an evil crater, which is known as the “Fire Eagle Nest” from the native Yukit people. They said that anything that came near it would feel sick, nauseous, and the animals who ventured near the crater would run away immediately, afraid of the evil forces that were said to be around it. Being a scientist, he ignored the natives’ warnings and ventured to the crater. What he saw rocked his world: a perfect mount the size of a 25-story-tall building (Swancer). When the word spread around around the Patomskiy crater, people began making theories. Some were simply guesses while others had scientific explanations behind them. After looking at all the information, though, it can be said that out of the meteor, volcano, and elevated surface theories, the volcano theory is the best. One of the first theories, and probably one of the most popular, is one that states that the crater was created by a meteor. The most noteworthy scientist who contributed to this theory was geologist Alexander Portnov. He came to the conclusion that the creation of the crater was due to  “a piece of rock that perhaps sheared off of the meteor behind the Tunguska explosion… in 1908” (Swancer, para. 7). Although this is a probable explanation, the years don’t line up. The crater was found in 1949, which was 69 years ago. When it was found, Kolpakov estimated that it was around 250 years old. This means that the crater would have to be created in the late 1600 or the early 1700. Continuing with the meteor theme, some people have expanded the theory with proposing that the actual crater is the meteor, or what is left of it. If it were true, though, a meteor would actually have to fall. The only probable explanation would be that it would have to have reached the earth centuries ago, and with no record of anything like that in the Patomskiy region, this theory doesn’t make any sense. Another thing is that all meteorite craters are a crater-like shape, but the Patomskiy crater has an odd ball in the middle of it, and “the Yakuts or the local Evenks had never been able to build such a structure” (MessageToEagle, para. 9). If the natives didn’t have the ability to built it, then what is it and how was it made? This theory cannot answer this question and, due to the amount of things that don’t add up, it can be safe to say that it is false. The theory with the most scientific reasoning behind proposes that the earth’s surface raised up, creating the crater. In S.B. Stazhevskii’s journal, he said that “it is substantiated that origination of the discussed crater is associated with hydrogen degassing and dilatancy-induced channel formation in the Earth’s interior for fluids to elevate up to the ground surface” (Stazhevskii 413). NBC News pointed out something similar when they said, “The Yamal area…is rich in natural gas, and a pocket of this combined with water and salt could have produced quite a large explosion if the permafrost were punctured by climate-change-induced thaw” (News, para. 2). Both of these state excellent proposals, but they only state how it was created. Another aspect of the crater is how people feel ill when around it and how the trees and plant life around it act strangely, growing at abnormally fast rates. Besides the formation of the crater, these theories don’t have any other explanations for the irregular things happening. Thus, the surface elevation theory leads one toward falsehood. Another popular theory scientist created is that the crater is actually not a crater at all, but a volcano. With all these complex and out-of-this-world theories coming up, the simplest answer might be, as NBC News said, “the area’s unique geology” (News, para. 2). The explanation of the crater actually being a volcano would clarify the peculiar sickness people feel around it. If it were a volcano, its extreme heat would change the body temperature dramatically. When body temperature increases, the heartbeat increases with it, and your body gets too hot, you become nauseous and/or start to vomit (Uddin, para. 3). This may seem scary, but it has a simple term that makes things simpler with it: heat stroke. Everyone who has claimed to have felt “disturbances in blood pressure, body temperature and changes in heart beating rhythm” (MessageToEagle, para. 12) have actually been suffering from heat stroke instead of some supernatural phenomenon. Even though the Patomskiy Crater is in Siberia, a very cold place, it can actually be confirmed that the people who go there actually feel very hot. Vadim Kolpakov, when he first saw the crater, said “When I first saw the crater I thought that I’d gone crazy because of the heat” (Swancer, para. 4). He thought he has “gone crazy” from the heat, not from the freezing cold. In addition, the natives called the crater “Fire Eagle Crater”. Although it doesn’t clarify how the plants grow so fast around the Patomskiy Crater, it does have an explanation for everything else abnormal. Therefore, the volcano theory is the best and most logical of all the current existing theories. Overall, there were three major theories for the Patomskiy Crater: the meteor, volcano, and the surface elevation theory. At first, one would think that the theories with the most scientific evidence behind it would have the best logic, but as one continues to investigate all the theories, there is one clear theory that rises above all. Unlike the theories that only focus on the formation of the crater, the volcano theory also includes information concerning the weird behaviors happening around the crater. Although no theory is a hundred percent correct, this one provides the best support and therefore is the current best. Even though this is the foremost one, one can believe that a better theory will come later. That is the beauty about theories: they change and evolve until they can become laws instead of staying as a bunch of hypothesis. As new information comes in, we are moving one step closer to solving the mystery behind the Patomskiy Crater.