A Law which has decreed alcohol prohibition. It is an order to stop which includes an action that includes forbidding something, especially by law including banning something, forbidding, barring, debarment and making something illegal.
According to Merriam-Webster, prohibition is the act of prohibiting by the authority in order to restrain or stop to do/use something. The literal meaning of prohibiting is to prevent from doing something so we can say that prohibition is the act to prevent from doing something.
Now when we talk about the alcohol prohibition it includes many things not just to stop people from consuming liquor but forbidding the manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcoholic liquors except for medicinal and sacramental purposes.
The topic of the prohibition of anything is debatable in itself but when we talk about alcohol prohibition which is a part of society since the early time of human we find there are so many contrasting perspectives on it. Many times alcoholism is questioned on an ethical basis which starts the debate of prohibition or not prohibiting so here I would like to apply two ethical theories and would try to analyze the question of alcohol prohibition derived from ethical concerns. For a better understanding of the topic we are going to analyze the alcohol prohibition through the two perspectives these are the consequentiality and the deontological positions.
History of alcohol prohibition:-
History of Alcohol prohibition firstly came in United States of America. In the United State of America anti-alcohol movement created by the in the early 19th century by physician, minister and large number of employees concern about the drunkenness of works and servants. In the mid of 1830 prohibition had become the mass movement for the middle class in the United States of America. In the 19th century when prohibition or anti-alcohol movement was going to start it was just not for a ban on liquor it was also a campaign for rural backwater rather prohibition was on the cutting edge of social reform and was closely allied with anti-slavery and woman right movement. But very popular prohibition remained the largest enduring middle – class movement of 19th century (Lenin 1978; Tyrell 1979 😉
Prohibition campaign was dedicated to people whose are addicted to drink prohibitionist talk about the liquor they are said in campaign liquor in any form was evil, dangerous and destructive. Liquor is a American curse, Prohibition supporter insist that alcohol slowly but inevitably destroyed the moral character and the physical and mental health of all who drank it. From the beginning prohibition ideology contained a powerful stand of fantasy. Alcohol was the major causes of nearly all social problems unemployment, poverty, business-failure, slum, alienation, crime and violence against mostly woman and child.(Howard Hyde Russell; 1855- 1946). For the very real social and economic problems of industrializing America, the temperance movement offered universal abstinence as the panacea. In December 1917 house of congress had voted the required two third majority to send the states for approval a constitutional amendment prohibition to manufacturable, sale, transportation, Import or Export of liquor. In 1918 congress pass the war prohibition act, which banned the manufacture and sale of beer or wine that contained more than 2.75% alcohol. On January 16th 1919 Nebraska become the 36th state to approve the 18th Amendment Act. On 14 | P a g e October 1919 congress president Wilson’s veto pass a strict enforcement act of prohibition on own name Andrew Volstead of Minnesota Act name is “Volstead Act”. This Act define as intoxicating liquor any beverage contained more than 0.5% alcohol, at midnight on January 16, 1920 the 18th Amendment took effect, the famous minister Billy Sunday celebrated by preaching a sermon to 10,000 people in which he repeated the fantasy at the heart of temperance and prohibition. In India before Independent bruisers only announced the ban on consumption of alcohol. After independent Gujrat announced the alcohol prohibition act. After that North-eastern state and recently Bihar announced the total prohibition on alcohol.
Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi in 1931 he wrote in “YOUNG INDIA” book If I was appointed ruler for one hour for all India, the first thing I would do would be to close without reward all liquor shops, destroy all toddy palms such as I know in Gujarat, compel factory owners to produce human conditions for their workmen and open refreshment and recreation rooms where these workmen could get innocent drinks and equally innocent amusements… For the loss of revenue from drinks, I would straightaway cut down the military expenditure.
Here in this assignment I have tried to look at Alcohol Prohibition through the lens of deontological as well as consequentialist perspectives. I have elaborated my arguments in detail.
In the moral philosophy, deontological ethics or deontology is the normative ethical position that judges the morality of an action based on rules. It is sometimes described as duty obligation rule based ethics because rules bind you to your duty.
Deontological ethics are the decisions that are based mainly on the duties of an individual and the rights of others. This means that an individual’s behavior or decisions can be considered wrong even if quite acceptable outcomes eventuated. In a deontological approach, how goals are accomplished is considered more important than what is to be achieved.
Considering the core issue of the judgment one should also take note of the right of citizens to be able to travel safely, and not be subjected to the wrath of a driver under the influence of liquor. Elaborating on this particular point, we see how many drivers drink and drive eventually leading to accidents. These accidents take under their wing loss of innocent lives. While travelling on National Highways we often come across sign posting stating slogans like “better late than never” or “Don’t drink and drive” which are indicators of the kind of impact these drunk drivers have on our life. It is often considered unsafe to travel late