Senece educated person and the product of his

Senece and Shakespeare are among the  best writers in the course of history whose works are valuable not only for the countries they were born in but for the whole world: as they touch upon questions and motifs that are universal and current for every generation. Even though both of these writers lived in different places and wrote their works throughout different times, they are a myraid of common things in their tragedies. There are some scholars who say that Shakespeare took some motifs from Seneca, others do not agree with that statement, but one thing is for sure: a number of common phenomena are analyzed in their tragedies and we will have a look on some of them.Hamlet and Orestes are the most popular characters of world’s tragedy. Although there are many differences in these plays: they are written in different centuries, by different authors who lived in various cultures, they also share a myraid of similarities.  We will discuss some of the differences, similarities and the motifs that are commen in both plays. First and foremost, it should be stated that Hamlet is a historical character and Orestes is a mythological one. Hamlet is an educated person and the product of his time, i.e English Renaissence period when human beings became subjects for study and human psyche is being analysed. Hamlet is a powerful and witty character and he is responsible for his actions and deeds. On the other side of the spectrum, we have Orestes who, in some regard, puts the responsibility of his actions on others and blames God Apollo, insomuch as it was Apollo who told him to punish his mother and her new husband for killing the king.In both cases, the hero of the story is a son of a king who has been murdered and the throne is taken by a cousin: Aegistus in Orestes and Claudius in Hamlet. Both in “Hamlet” and in “Orestes” the dead king’s wife has married the murderer and the hero, in this case the son of the dead king decides to take a revenge.Both of the plays present a highlighted attitude towards women. Men usually bully women in both works: Hamlet bullies beautiful Ophelia and the latter commits suicide because Hamlet’s love makes her psychologically unstable. Orestes draws his sword on his sister, Electra, and of course takes a revenge from her mother, Clytemnestra,  by killing her. We may say that there is this anti-feministic theme here, although the term itself was not found during the time these plays were written but the idea of bullying women or anti-feministic motifs are present. Another proof of this is when Hamlet tells Gertrude the following words: “Frailty, thy name is woman”.Both in “Hamlet” and in “Orestes” the main heroes are far from home when the main catastrophe happens. Orestes was in Phocies, Hamlet was in Wittenburg and they come back only when everything has already happened and the situation of their family and the city is not favorable. In “Orestes” and in “Hamlet” the reputation of female characters is not exemplary. However, there are some pecularities between their behiaviours and there are as follows: in “Hamlet” Gertrude, Hamlet’s mother, is not fully aware of Claudius deeds and she does not know that Clauduis has poisioned the king. So this gives us hope that Gertrude did not betray his son. But the problem is that she shares her bed with Claudius right after her husband’s death, which is rather strange and unusual, inasmuch as the faithful wife who has been in love with her husband and who has been dedicated to her family could not marry her husband’s brother so quickly and love him.In both plays, the main characters has to take a revenge by killing someone from their own family: Hamlet kills his uncle and mother, and Orestes kills his own parent. Although, in accordance with some scholars, there is a peculiar attitude towards Orestes’s action. A myraid of scholars think that Orestes did not kill his parent, insomuch as they consider a parent only tha father. They have this assumption that mother is only someone who keeps the seed of the father and the latter is the real parent. An amazing and probabaly the most obvious example of this phenomenon is Zeus. He is a sample of a child with a father and no mother and this is the reason why Orestes is not blamed for killing his parent. On the contrary, Hamlet is considered to be guilty and he is blamed for killing his mother and this is an amazing difference which highlights the fact that the historical and mythological heroes are accepted or judged according to various criteria.The role of so colled “helpers” is of great importance in both plays. These helpers are represented as Gods, who give the main characters some advice or as ghosts or they simply have some dreams which clarify the situation in the city and due to them the main characters gain extra knowledge about the whole range of events that happened when there were absent. Orestes, for example had dreams about his father Agamemnon and also at the end of the play he goes to see Apollo and receives his charge from a God. Hamlet in his turn saw the ghost of his father and it was due to this event that he learnt about the things that happened during his absence. So. we may conclude that both of these characters had strange abilities, insomuch as they were able to see non-existing human beings.In both plays, the king of the country who has been murdered used to be seen as a hero or a good warriors. Agamemnon was not a faithful husband, but he was seen as a hero because he was a good warrior and even if he had some sins, he was a hero because he was ready to serve his country. Hamlet’s father as well was considered a good king and it is rather paradoxical that the kings who are considered heroes or great warriors are murdered by their family members or by even their wife. This also changes our outlook about the concept of heroism.Another difference is at the end of these plays. In one case we have some idea about the city’s future, whereas in the other play we do not have any idea about the city’s future. In “Hamlet” we do not have any idea about Denmark’s future, inasmuch as the royal family are dead and we cannot imagine the future of the city. In “Orestes”, however, we have the information that Orestes is alive, which means that there may be some future for the city itself.To sum up , we may say that Seneca and Shakespeare created two different and at the same time similar heroes- Orestes and Hamlet, who are the products of their culture, environment, society and who speak about similar problems during different centuries and through their works we can have a clear understaning of common custums and perceptions o