SOC can be learned. LEADER’S BACKGROUND 3.



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1.         Leadership is a process of a person
influencing a group of people to achieve a common goal or accomplish a mission.
A leader is a person who is in charge to influence the group of people towards
the achievement of a goal. Good leaders develop through a never ending process
of self-study, education, training and experience (Jago,1982). There are two
types of leadership which are Process Leadership and Trait Leadership.  Process leadership is whereby a leader
practice leadership by applying their leadership knowledge and skills, while
trait leadership is the inner nature or attributes that influence the leaders
action. By using knowledge and skills, it contributes to the process of
influencing people, while the leaders attributes such as beliefs, values,
ethics and character give him/her a certain characteristic that makes him/her
unique. For example, a leader might learn skills in counselling but his/her
empathy traits will play a great role on how he/she counsels. Hence, to be a
good leader, one must have knowledge, skills and the correct attributes.


2.         The aim for this exercise is to
identify the positive and negative traits of Admiral John Jervis and using
Be-Know-Do Model of Leadership to determine his type of leadership style and
lessons that can be learned.


3.         John Jervis as born on 9th
January 1735 at Meaford Hall in Staffordshire, United Kingdom. He was a son of
a barrister, Swynfen Jervis and Elizabeth Jervis. Jervis education started at
Burton Grammar School and then at Reverend Swinden’s Academy, a private school
in Greenwich, London. His father, Swynfen Jervis wanted him to follow his
footsteps in becoming a barrister, but instead John Jervis ran away from home
when he was 13 years of age to join the Navy at Woolwich, London. Eventually,
he came back home when he heard that his family were very devastated with his
actions. However, through the influence of his family friends, he was taken
aboard a ship, Gloucester 50 under the command of Captain John Storr with the
broad pennant of Commodore George Townshend when he was 14 years old. This is
how his career in the Royal Navy started.

4.         John Jervis is famously known as an
Admiral in the Royal Navy. He is also known as a politician, a Member of
Parliament in the United Kingdom for a few years. John Jervis was an active commander.
He fought in the French Revolutionary War where the Battle of Cape St Vincent
took place. It is from this battle that he earned his title “Earl of St.
Vincent, GCB (Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath)”. Other wars that he
was involved include The Seven Years War, The American War of Independence and
The Napoleonic War. John Jervis served in the Royal Navy for 58 years, from
1749 till 1807. His highest rank achieved was Admiral of the Fleet. John Jervis
died on 14th March 1823 at the age of 88 years old.

5.         Admiral John Jervis is a very stern
disciplinarian as he mould the characters of men and transform them into a
splendid seamen. With his strict discipline, it enables him to win battles over
the French and Spanish. He is also an able man and with hard work, he rose to
the position that he deserved. A respected and brave man indeed, Admiral John
Jervis also took great care of his men by being generous to who is worthy but
however also punish the wrongdoers who deserved it.


6.         The chosen principle to describe
Admiral John Jervis is the Be-Know-Do-Achieve Leadership Model in accordance
with the Royal Australian Navy Leadership Framework. Basically, the leadership
is about ‘Be’-ing the example, ‘Know’-ing the skills, ‘Do’-ing the best and
ultimately ‘Achieve’-ing desired outcomes (R.H.Crane,2009).

7.         In this method, the ‘Be’ is expressed
as the character that describes the leader’s inner strength and it helps to
know what is right and to link the knowledge to action. The compositions in
‘Be’ includes honour, honesty, courage, integrity and loyalty. The ‘Know’
component of this model emphasis on a leader who must have a certain level of
knowledge to be competent. That knowledge is divided into five parts which are,
self-awareness, interpersonal skills, conceptual skills, specialist skills and
decision making skills. ‘Do’ describes that a leader must engage in visioning,
seeing and creating the future, provides direction, give people a sense of
purpose and motivates them to commit and achieve. ‘Do’ includes Signature
Behaviour, Visioning, Influencing, Delivering and Enriching. And finally,
‘Achieve’ is the achievement of BE-ing, KNOW-ing, and DO-ing.

8.         Admiral John Jervis showed a very
strong character. He is very known for his stern disciplinarian character. For
example, in the event when………..

9.         Referring to Royal Australian Navy Leadership Frame work, one
of the attributes of ‘Be’ is loyalty.  Loyalty is a commitment or allegiance to a person, a
group, or a cause.  True loyalty is when
there is a deep bond between the leader and their man. They have a relationship
based on mutual respect, consideration, and trust.  ‘Loyalty is a reciprocal obligation of
our shared and mutual commitments to each other and to the nation. It requires
we acknowledge commendable effort and that we accept responsibility and
accountability for our actions and for those of our subordinates.’ (Royal
Australian Navy Leadership Framework).  It
shows during 1799, When Admiral
John Jervis arrived in England he went straight to his house at Rochetts, in Essex.
Due to severe health conditions coupled with the age of lord st vincent who has
reached 65 years, it is time for him to retire.


10.       Courage is one of the
important qualities that must exist in a leader.  Martin Luther King declared that ‘The
ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort and
convenience, but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy’. (John
C. Maxwell, 1999).  Admiral John Jervis is famously known for his victory
at the 1797 Battle of Cape Saint Vincent,
from which he earned the titles  1st
Earl of St Vincent, GCB.  During this battle, he realized that he was
outnumbered where the British fleet had only fifteen line of battle
ships compared with the Spanish fleet that had twenty four of Spanish
ships.  As resulted in his bravery act
and brilliant strategy during the engagement with Spanish fleet, Admiral John
Jervis rewarding great and welcome victory for the Royal Navy.

9.         Admiral John Jervis also a ……… which
shows that he is a person who ‘Know’ the…………’Nothing is
more difficult, and therefore more precious, than to be able to decide’.  (Napoleon Bonaparte, 1769 – 1821).  Decision making skills is particulary
important in order to be an effective leader. 
Admiral john jervis shows his ability as
a capable person to make decisions even in the most critical situations. It
proven during even in the crucial stage of the battle of Cape St Vincent where
he had to decide whether to retreat or to continue to face the Spanish
fleet.  He chose to face the Spanish
fleet despite knowing that Royal Navy are outnumbered by the Spanish fleet in a
short time he managed think of tactics and brilliant strategy to defeat the
Spanish fleet.

10.       By doing………………………………….., Admiral John
Jervis displayed the ‘Do’ factor as described from the leadership method

11.       One of the
attributes of ‘Do’ factor is enriching which is the capability in developing, encouraging, nurturing and
building the capacity of others. It shows when he introduced a series of standing orders
to avert mutiny. One of it on May 12th 1797, a mutiny broke out in
the fleet at the Nore, and every captain was turned out of, or had left, their
ships with the exception of Captain Cunningham and his officers ,who continued
on board their ship not withstanding the remonstrances.  By introducing severe strict orders to both seamen and
officers alike, he succeeded in reducing and blocking a series of attempts to
rebel and subsequently formed a good and efficient military fleet.


11.       Finally, Admiral John Jervis achieved………………………………….
This can be proven from the event/situation when he…………………………………

12.       Hence, the Be-Know-Do-Achieve Leadership
Method does really show the leadership styles in Admiral John Jervis.


13.       Disciplinarian.         Admiral John Jervis was known as a very
stern man and carries a very strict discipline. The 18th century was
known to have moral issues and a bad social condition among the seamen of the Royal Navy. To
overcome this disciplinary problems in the fleet, he issued daily orders for the fleet such as decks
were to be scrubbed before daylight, ships are ready to face any possibility in
the event of a battle. The guns were to be exercised each day, seamen’s bedding
(hammocks) was to be regularly aired and all slop clothing was to be soaked in
salt water.  

14.       Visionary.     Vision is an essential element for a forward thinking leader.  The Oxford
Living Dictionary stated a visionary leader have capability thinking about or
planning the future with imagination or wisdom.  Admiral John Jervis shows that he is a person
who has a vision when he travels solely to gain knowledge. He traveled to
France to learn the language and way of life of the france