Sophia HatamiMr Closs and Mr Yager World History/ G 09 January 2018 Maximilien Robespierre There were many contributors to the French Revolution but one of the most violent had to be Maximilien Robespierre. All of his savage strategies were created very late in his life even as close as 11 months before his death. He was apart of the Committee of Public Safety, credited for the Reign of terror and would even be executed by his own committee. His radical ideas and legacy make Robespierre one of the most important figures of the French Revolution.He was born on May 6, 1758 in France to Maximilien Barthélémy François de Robespierre and Jacqueline Marguerite Carrault with his three siblings Augustin, Henriette Eulalie Françoise and Charlotte. For most of his life he was raised by his grandparents because his father left home after the passing of his wife. He graduated from Lycée Louis-le-Grand in 1781 earning him a law degree. He also attended Oratorians in 1765. The religion he followed was Deism and he was part of the dechristianization of France. Deism is the belief that God does not meddle in the everyday functions of the world. Robespierre gained his popularity through his judgement and critique of the French monarchy as well as his encouragement for a democratic reform. He became the president and leader of the powerful Jacobins. The Jacobins were a left-wing political group who had radical ideals to lessen the influence and power of the French king. Robespierre actually said once that “The king must die so that the country can live” (Robespierre) meaning that having a monarchy only benefits the King and not the people (middle to lower class citizens). His most famous and talked about accomplishment was the 11 month period known as “The Reign of Terror”. The Reign of Terror was conducted by the Committee of Public safety (12 members who would deal with foreign and domestic issues) and consisted of 16,594 executions many by guillotine. The Committee of Public safety was executing anyone even for small reasons. This is specifically what made the French revolution so much more violent than the American, these executions. Even robespierre was executed on July 28th in 1794 without a trial in the Place de la Révolution.The big question dealing with Robespierre’s legacy was of he was a revolutionary or just a savage leader. In Colin Haydons book, Robespierre, he states “It is very clear that Robespierre played a key role in the French Revolution, and also that, two centuries after his death, he remains a controversial figure, whom many have hated, many have worshipped, and who still exerts a kind of fascination” (255) which highlights the true questionability of his entire rule. He was revolutionary in the fact that after his death his ideals of how everyone deserves an education as well as small businesses owning more property and having more power lived on. Other military leaders at the time “accused him of lacking boldness” (https://www.britannica.com/biography/Maximilien-Robespierre) which is surprising considering the reign he led.Overall Maximilien Robespierre was a very accomplished man. He was crucial in leading a nation into a complete revise of their government. Although, his time in power was short lived it will be remembered for centuries to come. He died fighting for what he believed was right, equality for the working class. Even though he could of gone without the execution spree it made clear how devoted he was and since he died under the guillotine it furthermore proved his loyalty to what he believed in. Works CitedBouloiseau, Marc. “Maximilien Robespierre.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 30 Nov. 2017, www.britannica.com/biography/Maximilien-Robespierre.The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. “Reign of Terror.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 18 Dec. 2017, www.britannica.com/event/Reign-of-Terror.Haydon, Colin. Robespierre. Cambridge University Press, 1999.Linton, Marissa. “Robespierre and the Terror.” Robespierre and the Terror, 8 Aug. 2006, www.historytoday.com/marisa-linton/robespierre-and-terror.”Maximilien De Robespierre.” Biography.com, A Networks Television, 9 Nov. 2015, www.biography.com/people/maximilien-de-robespierre-37422.”Maximilien De Robespierre > Quotes.” Maximilien De Robespierre Quotes (Author of Virtue and Terror), www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/5037962.Maximilien_de_Robespierre.Narayan, Saarang. “The Historical Life of Maximilien Robespierre’s Reign of Terror.” Inquiries Journal, Inquiries Journal, 1 Jan. 2016, www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/1326/the-historical-life-of-maximilien-robespierres-reign-of-terror.