Surname: 5 Name: Professor: Course: Date: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF THE UNION AND THE CONFEDERACY The Civil War, which started in April 1861, was a war between the northerners and the southerners in America. The war began after President Abraham Lincoln came into office and pledged the abolishment of slavery in the southern colonies. These colonies wanted nothing to do with the northern states, therefore, they had to secede or separate from the northern states. Moreover, to avoid the country from becoming pieces of fragments and small countries, Lincoln had to do something. The southern territories had named themselves the Confederacy, while the northern states were known as the union. However, after the Confederate army took over Fort Sumter, Lincoln stated that this behavior should be stopped, and opted to attack the Confederacy. Moreover, after this particular event, several states joined the Confederacy in the fight against the northerners. The war continued for four good years, however, the outcomes of the war shaped the country into what we see today. Both sides of the war had certain things which were going on for them and other things which were against them. Let’s take a look at the disadvantages and the advantages of the Union and the Confederacy. The union Advantages Great population The north had a population of 22 million people, which was large in number compared to the 9 million of the Confederacy. Moreover, following the freeing of the slaves, the population of the union grew by an addition of 200, 000 people. Superior leadership The union boasted that it had valuable leaders compared to the Confederacy. Some of these leaders include, Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Gant, and Philip Sheridan. It also had an organized government which was experienced and established, this was a huge benefit for them because it was difficult for the Confederacy to organize attacks. More railroads 70% of the railroads in the country were located within the southern region. Therefore, this allowed the union to move supplies, artillery, and people a lot easier. Disadvantages Terrain The northerners were not familiar with the terrain of the confederates land like the southerners did. Additionally, not knowing the easiest way in and out was a huge disadvantage for them. Pressure to get victory Since victory was an essential aspect of the union, the union faced a lot of pressure to win the battle because if they had lost then the country would be divided, thus compromising the democracy. Different opinions Not everyone in the Union wanted to abolish slavery, therefore, this forced men to be lost in the south. The Confederacy Advantages Outstanding Army Values and life were very different in the union and confederacy. The south mostly emphasizes on arms and tactical training which came in handy during the civil war. Home advantage The Confederate soldiers were very familiar with the terrain than their counterparts, therefore they used this to their advantage and fought for their land and families. Strong motivation The southerners had a strong will and power, since the battle was fought on their territory, they fought to defend their homes and families. Disadvantages Europe did not recognize the Confederacy It was hard for the state to get foreign aid when Europe failed to recognize the Confederacy. Trade Since the southerners relied heavily on conducting trade with foreign countries, the Union took advantage of it and blocked the Confederate supplies, thus destroying their economy. Gun to men ratio The Confederacy had enough guns and few men to fight the war. This made them weak to the extent of losing the war. Events that were a turning point to the Union Army. Emancipation Proclamation The emancipation proclamation was a significant turning point for the Union in succeeding the war. Lincoln issued the proclamation immediately after the battle of Antietam as a strategy of pushing the northern Army back into the Confederate territory, and effectively repell the confederate’s invasion of the north region. Moreover, Lincoln believed that this victory will act as a leverage to demand the Confederates to surrender and go back to the Union. The 13th Amendment The president and the Union knew that the Emancipation Proclamation might be viewed as a temporary measure of war and not an abolition of slavery once the war came to an end, so the president focused on passing a constitutional amendment that would abolish slavery. Moreover, since the 13th Amendment was a way of abolishing slavery and involuntary servitude, the union used it as a form of punishing any form of crimes committed by the blacks. Battle of Antietam Also known as the battle of Sharpsburg, the battle of Antietam was a war fought between the Confederates and the union. However, even though the battle ended in a draw it marked the turning point for the Union, because General Lee granted Lincoln the victory which he desired at the end of the War.