The question of whether or not people that commit crimes with mental illnesses should receive the same sentence as others has long been a question of hot scientific debate. Many scientific studies have branched off into two sides, the side against harsher punishment, and the side for harsher punishment. The side for harsher punishments uses the defense that crimes committed by people with mental illnesses should receive the same punishment as people without mental illnesses. The side against harsher punishments uses the defense that people with mental illnesses should receive psychological help, something that they cannot receive behind bars. Do people with mental illnesses deserve the same punishment or a smaller punishment for crimes committed?According to the Washington Post on crimes committed by the mentally ill, treatment of severe mental illnesses can greatly reduce the risk of that person committing violent crimes. They go on to say that many people seeking help do not receive it, due to less mental hospital beds, and mental hospital capacity. The lack of help to people that need it creates a higher risk of violent crimes. Without help, these people with mental illnesses commits crimes, and then spend years in prison/jails. The physiological strain put on these people with mental illnesses can greatly affect them negatively. Once out of jail/prison, these people are more likely to commit more crimes, each one getting more violent as time goes on. One mental disorder, depression, causes a person’s’ sensory symptoms to become affected. People affected by depression will develop symptoms such as sadness, emptiness, anxiousness, and hopelessness. These feeling can result in a “don’t care” mood, where the affected person will do anything, with total disregard of punishments and laws. This disregard can lead to an increase in people committing crimes. A study by Harvard Health compares the percentages of crimes committed by people. People without a mental illness are 5.1% likely to commit a crime. People with schizophrenia without substance abuse are at a 8.5%, while people with schizophrenia and substance abuse have a 27.6%. These statistics show that people with mental disorders and substance abuse are at a high chance of committing a crime. Without proper help and check-ups, people with mental illnesses are likely to abuse the substance that they are given. Crimes committed by people with mental illnesses are more likely to be violent, and result in a death. According to the Treatment Advocacy Center, most individuals with mental illnesses are not dangerous, and most acts of violence are committed by individuals who are not mentally ill. With these facts presented it is important to focus on the few people with mental illnesses that do commit crimes. Should they receive the same punishment as people without mental illnesses, or should they receive a reduced sentence, or even medical help? To answer this question, we should look at how effective mental hospitals are. Many studies have been conducted to test the effectiveness of mental hospitals on people with mental illnesses. The majority of these studies talks about the failure to adapt and innovate policies within the hospitals. The state mental hospitals were unable to produce a more efficient way to treat and separate people that suffer from different things. Mental hospitals take in people suffering from mental disorders and other problems like alcoholism. To further answer the question, we have to look at the effectiveness of prisons for people with mental illnesses. In an article by Robert D. Morgan, David B. Flora, Daryl G. Kroner, Jeremy F. Mills, Fermina Varghese, and Jarrod S. Steffan, they conducted a study on how the courts and prisons treat people with mental illnesses. In courtrooms, there is a ruling of not guilty by reason of insanity. This ruling is typically used when the defendant is insane or has a serious mental illness and is charged with a crime. If the ruling of not guilty by reason of insanity (also known as the insanity defense) wins, then the defendant is most of time forced to enter a psychiatric hospital for an unknown period of time. In an article by the New York Times, the extent of the psychiatric hospital stay id displayed. A man named James in the article says that “You can’t just punish someone for having a mental illness. But that’s happening.” James had been admitted into a psychiatric hospital after rape and kidnaping charges were brought against him. He has been in the hospital for 2 decades, and is not legally responsible for the charges that were brought against him. So how effective is the courts in handling people with mental illnesses? If the insanity defense is won, then the defendant does for decades in a hospital, and if it is not found then they go to prison for the charges brought against them.So, should people with mental illnesses get the same sentence as people without mental illnesses, or should they get a reduced sentence or help for the crimes they committed? Many mental disorders leave the person affected confused and not in control of their own bodies. However, the crimes that they committed do deserve a punishment, just as a normal person would receive it. Many people forcibly entered into a psychiatric hospital have said that the experiences there do not help them. Many people who used the insanity defense successfully have remarked that spending decades in mental hospitals have made their condition worse, and many do not know when they will get out. The cold, white walls, and the extensive tests do not leave much room for improvement. Neither does the time spent in jail, where people with mental illnesses have to cope without help. While the crimes committed could be serious or not, you still have to consider what affects the person that committed those things. If the person has schizophrenia, which can lead to a breakdown in thought and emotions, and can lead to the person not being able to control their actions. Overall, a person with a mental illness who is convicted of a crime is not positively affected either way, from a reduced sentence where they recieve help, or a normal sentence in prison. If they get a reduced sentence to get help, they can spend decades in a mental hospital without any real help, and if they get a full sentence in prison they cannot receive the right help that they need. A solution that I propose is a section of prison reserved for the treatment of offenders with mental illnesses, or better treatment in a mental hospitals where the person can receive help and finish their sentence in prison. This introduction into prisons can help convicts with mental illnesses by trying to understand and help the person.