The form the three-dimensional (architecture, sculpture, and

The discussion about the film as an art form did not start from the beginning of the time when this medium appeared. During the first two decades, the film was not considered as an art form. Rather it was an entertainment or attraction which was separated into the different genres.What shows us a basic difference between film and the other art forms such as architecture, painting, music and poetry or literature as stated by the later theories. Is when the film became available to people it was considered a social phenomenon. Traditional art forms were products and consumed by elite, high class and the bourgeoisie until the beginning of the 20th century. “Mechanical reproduction of art changes the reaction of the masses toward art”, – stated Walter Benjamin in 1935.He defined a core of photography and film in his article The Work of Art in an Age of Mechanical Reproduction and described the film as a photographic media. The social meaning of film was immediately noted by the communists in Russia who constructed a new country during 1920th. Lenin announced that film was the most important of all the arts for them. Some of the Soviet filmmakers and theorists as Eisenstein, Vertov, Bachtin described montage, shooting, editing, work with diegetic materials, constructing the frame, etc. which cause to the formalist school in the film theory. In particular, you can find it in the work Film as Art by Rudolf Arnheim. In the first decade of the last century, some film theories were written, which were close to the modernism. Such kinds of works are Riccioto Canudo’s The Birth of Six Arts in 1911 and The Art of Moving Picture in 1915 by American Vachel Lindsay. Canudo called cinema “plastic art in motion”  and discussed the gripping of this new art form the three-dimensional (architecture, sculpture, and painting) art forms and the temporal (poetry, music, and dance) arts.