The slums made by Rohingyas. 28 hills

word ‘Rohingya’ is very well known to almost everyone over the world. In the
international area, several numbers of political tactics, war, diplomatic
complexity and activities prevailing at present, rohingya issue is particularly
sensitive among them. However, the name of Bangladesh is involved with this
issue as a neighboring country of Myanmar from the very beginning. Eviction of
Rohingyas from Myanmar and the massive wave of refugee arrivals in Bangladesh
are not new. Since 1970 Rohingyas were started to come to Bangladesh from
Myanmar. Since then, people from Rohingya community have shifted into four
steps to this country and have been living here over the years. In 1990, more than
250,000 Rohingyas came to Bangladesh. 20,000 among them were sent back to Myanmar
in 2000. Another wave of shifting of Rohingya we observed in Bangladesh in 2012
and 2015. Whenever, the oppression against Rohingya nation is exceeded, they
came to Bangladesh and this country gave them shelter cordially. The situation
reached to the extreme level when the most recent exodus started after an
August 25 attack on police posts in Myanmar, which killed 12 security forces
and more than 50 militants, according to the Myanmar government. Myanmar military
soldiers started to attack Muslim minority surrounding their area, setting on
fire to their houses and all over the villages and shot furiously to all of
them. Then the Rohingya people started to escape to Bangladesh for saving their

25 August, 2017 to till now, more than 9 Lac Rohingyas have shifted to this
country. After their coming, 200 acres of our forest land in Ukhia and Teknaf
has been allocated for their temporary settlement. Bangladesh did never give
Rohingyas back or refuse to give shelter. When everyone was turned away from
Rohingyas, Bangladesh has already set a unique example of humanity.  No doubt this is a commendable step. But day
by day, this issue has become our national crisis behind humanity. Rohingya
slums in huge quantity were built that violated the environmental rules and
laws of Bangladesh. Many of the Khas (govt.
owned) land, rubber gardens, fallow or crop lands are occupied by different
sized slums made by Rohingyas. 28 hills have been cut off till now. Due to the
cutting of the hills, soil pollution is being increased. The balance of the
environment is being lost. The local people were used to cultivating crops and
vegetables on those lands and hills over the years. Now thousands of small
houses have been settled there for shelter of Rohingya community. So, there is
no doubt that the present Rohingya situation must reduce the production of our local
agricultural crops, which would create food insecurity ultimately in near

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are being destroyed in huge quantities not only for their shelter, but also for
making their beds and fuel to cook as well. One of our significant resources is
cooking fuel which is being limited increasingly. They are collecting wood from
our protected forest reserves for their cooking fuel. To meet the highly demand
of fuels, firewood and other commodities are being imported from neighboring
districts which results high price of the goods and transportation cost. The
protection of wild animals is being interrupted. They are losing their shelter.
Even Rohingyas are killing wild birds for their foods. As a result, there is an
adverse pressure on nature. The wastage of this over population is increasing
environment pollution gradually.

alarming threat is that more than 5000 HIV infected Rohingya people have been detected
from the refugee camps till now. Moreover Rohingyas are suffering from colds, coughs,
fever, diarrhea, headaches, and even various skin diseases consistently. So
these diseases are likely to spread among the Bangladeshi people also.

of the major impacts of the Rohingya issue on Bangladesh is economic. There has
been an impact on employment in the region; the number of day laborers is
increasing. Besides, the living cost is increasing rapidly. On the other hand,
Cox’s Bazar, is the most attractive tourist area in Bangladesh. It has fallen
in an unbalanced situation and it is losing its own natural beauty gradually. So
Rohingya issue has a negative impact on our tourism industry.

most alarming threat of Rohingya issue is the possibility of growing several
crimes. Suddenly a massive change has been occurred in the region. So, our
administration is not prepared yet to maintain the place completely. There is a
danger of local security and crimes at any time. If they stay here for a long
time and do not get any work, then there is a danger of getting involved in
crime like smuggling, drugs, prostitution, militancy etc. If the children do
not get any chance to study, then it will go astray, whose impact will be in
that area. Besides, staying in the area for a long time, they might want to
show their influence to the local people in future which will cause social problems.
We have already got such a news that local boy has been killed by two
Rohingyas. Moreover, many of Rohingyas are trying to get Bangladeshi
nationality in illegal ways. If it happens really, they would be involved in
politics at one time. Some of the political parties will take the opportunity for
getting their votes and political violence will be occurred as well. But
ultimately, there would be a negative impact on our political context in

the Rohingya issue was considered for the sake of humanity, but it has emerged
as our national crisis at present. The pressure of Rohingya refugees will
affect the economic and social sectors of the country in near future. If the
problem is prolonged, then it will have various problems nationally and
globally also. In addition, our country and society will fall into a cycle of so
many problems like food insecurity, lack of health care, shelter, clothes and security,
drugs, militancy as well as social, cultural, political, environmental and
other complex issues. So, our decision makers should be more cautious about the
long term crisis of Rohingya. Although Bangladesh Govt. have broaden their
hands to Rohingya at their critical moment, but the govt. must tell clearly that
Rohingyas are the citizens of Myanmar and will have to return to their country
within a specified time. Through the bilateral talks and UN interventions, the Rohingya
crisis of Bangladesh has to be solved immediately by bringing them back to
Myanmar. The hope is that, Bangladesh govt. has already taken necessary
initiatives to solve the current problem. Bangladesh and Myanmar govt. have
formed a 30-member Joint Working Group (JWG) aimed at the beginning of the
repatriation of Rohingya within the second half of January. Under the
leadership of the foreign secretaries of the two countries, the committee will
consider three issues like repatriation, rehabilitation and re-establishment of
Rohingya rights to Rakhaine. UN, several UN agencies and other interested
international parties will be involved in the all procedures. Foreign
Secretaries from both parties of Bangladesh and Myanmar signed the document to
form JWG after a meeting on 19 December 2017. We hope the procedures of
rehabilitation of Rohingya from Bangladesh to Myanmar will be started very soon
which result will be ensuring the right of Rohingyas repatriation finally and Bangladesh
would be free also from making further over population and cultural conflict