“The of the greatest common European values ??of

“The
social conditions in which people live greatly affect their chances of living
in health. Factors such as poverty, social exclusion and discrimination, poor
housing conditions, poor living conditions in early childhood and low
professional status are important determinants of most diseases, deaths and
inequalities in health between countries and within them. “(WHO, 2004).
Even in the high-and middle-income countries of the WHO Region, the ability to
survive and live in health is still closely linked to the socio-economic
situation of individuals and their families. Increasing social inequalities in
the European countries are best illustrated by these relationships.
Social inequalities in health are both unfair and avoidable, as they result
from the damaging health and social policies shaped by structural factors
(Whitehead & Dahlgren, 2007). Health inequalities violate the basic human
rights principle, according to which everyone has “the right to the
highest attainable standards of physical and mental health” (K√§lin et al.,
2004). Achieving lower-level socioeconomic groups in the health status of more
favored groups should be the primary objective of all international, national
and local health policies.
The growing number of countries and international organizations now recognize
the need to reduce health divisions. The Health Minister of the United Kingdom,
Patricia Hewitt, in October 2005 at the European Union Summit on Counteracting
Social Inequalities, expressed its concern by saying (Hewitt, 2005):
“For the European Union, reducing health inequalities is one of the
greatest common European values ??of society, with the same principles of
social justice as economic success. Reducing health gaps and ensuring that good
health is a part of everyone is a key issue if we are to create a Europe of
social justice and prosperity. ”
European strategies to prevent social inequalities in health
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