The computer” (NIH). The electrocardiogram or ECG

The ECG or electrocardiogram is a certain
type of test that measures the activity of the heartbeat. This is one of many
technologies that people use and associate with, from the rise of biomedical
engineering. The ECG is an instrument that can “show how fast your heart is
beating, whether the rhythm of your heartbeats is steady or irregular” (NIH).
The ECG is also used to “detect and study heart problems such as heart attack,
arrhythmia or irregular heartbeats, and heart failure” (NIH). Since technology
is changing rapidly, it is important for the manufacturers to equip the medical
facilities with the electrocardiogram. The many manufactures include Bionet,
Midmark, Cardiac Science Corporation, GE Healthcare, Philips, and Schiller.
(favorite plus). Specifically, the instrument works by having a nurse, doctor
or technician that will “attach up to 12 electrodes to the skin on your chest,
arms, and legs” and “the electrodes are connected by wires to a machine that
records your heart’s electrical activity on graph paper or on a computer”
(NIH).

The
electrocardiogram or ECG comes in various weights and sizes depending which device
you use. For example, one type of an electrocardiogram is an implantable loop
recorder. These are one of the newer devices that check your heart (Mayo
Clinic). This device is “smaller than a key or a thumb drive” (Mayo Clinic).
This device is so small because it is inserted into your skin. It is said that
this device can “stay in place for up to three years” (Mayo Clinic) as it
captures information on what your heartbeat is like. Another example is a
portable handheld ECG monitor. These are one of the smallest ECG monitors
(favorite plus). For this handheld device, users do no need to “place corded
electrodes on their body” (favorite plus). 
It can “catch critical data that is helpful in improving heart disease
management and they can give you an automatic evaluation” (favorite plus).
Overall, technology has advanced quite significantly in the medical field, especially
with the ECG because of the rise of biomedical engineering.

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            The
introduction to the electrocardiogram was in 1902. This “provided objective
information about the structure and function of the heart” (NCBI). The
“original electrocardiograph
employed a string galvanometer to record the potential deference between the
extremities resulting from the heart’s electrical activation” (NCBI). In the
beginning of the 20th century, there were many numbers of new advanced
single devices that were set in motion to make. This led to new and important
discoveries and inventions of the 12-lead electrocardiogram that is now used
today in most hospitals and medical facilities (NCBI).

            One controversy that is about the
electrocardiogram is if the ECH screening in athletes should be optional or if
it should be mandatory. According to the report by the “San Antonio
Express-News (Texas, USA) that legislation, requiring that high
school student athletes should undergo electrocardiographic (ECG) screening
before taking part in sports” (NCBI). Yet, there are other topics of whether
athletes should get the ECG amongst the physicians (NCBI). On one hand, many
have accepted that young athletes, “regardless of the sport and level of
participation, require history, physical examination, (stress) ECG,
echocardiography and, if necessary, even magnetic resonance imaging and
computed tomography” (NCBI). Overall, the fact that there are many cases where
young athletes have sudden cardiac death (SCD), resulting in many deaths
worldwide, is still the main point to why this is still up to debate.