The Webster online dictionary defines self-discipline as “the

The active involvement in sports includes all forms
of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised
participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills
while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for
spectators. Sports are not only identified as ‘organized’ physical activities
but also as intervention initiatives which engineer personal and social
development (Edelstein & Fispo, 2008).
Participation in organized sports gives young people the opportunity to develop
their physical, social and mental skills at an early age while building social
networks as an added value (Hutchinson, 2013).  Sports assist with progressive development,
while at the same time lowering the risk of behavioural issues for youths.
Personal growth or development is a long lasting procedure. It is a means for
individuals to evaluate their aptitudes and qualities, consider their points
throughout everyday life and set objectives keeping in mind the end goal to
acknowledge and boost their potential. Sports its self, plays an active role in
assuring beneficial effects through suitable developmental proposal. It is also
supportive of child to adult (whether a parent or a coach) interactions.
Therefore, sports play a pivotal role in
Jamaica’s development through means of fostering positive personal growth and
development particularly in areas such as self- discipline and self-efficacy,
confidence and self-esteem and organization and time management in youths.

Sports play an instrumental role in promoting
self-discipline and self-efficacy among young people. The Miriam Webster online
dictionary defines self-discipline as “the correction and regulation of
one’s behaviour for the sake of improvement.”  Similarly, self-efficacy serves as a
predominant benefit of sports to the social development of young people in
Jamaica. Bandura (1994) highlights that self-efficacy is an individual’s belief
in his or her ability to produce or perform in specific situations or to
accomplish a task which may be deemed more challenging. An
article by Greg Wells and Shawna Silver (2014), states that learning the rules
of a new sports and training for a particular purpose gives a child
self-discipline that they can employ both on and off the field.  Jake Wayne (2017) declares that sports provide a
vivid demonstration of how applying will and discipline during practice can
help athletes reach their goals in competition and in their school work. Therefore,
student athletes are far more discipline in class as well as their attitudes
towards work which is as a result of the numerous facets of organized sports (team-building
activities, the discipline of training and prioritizing, learning to follow the
directives of coaches and captains and even learning to cope with loses). This
also aids in building self-esteem and self-confidence of young people, which
are inherent to their social development and are essentially the epitome of
self-efficacy. The effects of sports is seen in competitive sporting activities
since it helps to curb certain insolent and non-conformist behaviours through
consistent training and testing of abilities, which each player must overcome
in order to be deemed successful sports personnel. From this, they learn how to
effectively deal with difficult situations and learn tactics for
conflict-resolution, while remaining disciplined and while working as a team. Also,
participation in sporting activities has a positive influence on a child’s
physical and mental health, education and behaviour (Felfe, Lechner &
Steinmayr, 2016) as sports acts as an avenue to release emotions, and thus
provide players with the opportunity to cope with the various emotions which
they might be experiencing at an early age in a non-violent manner especially
in a country like Jamaica with high levels of crime and violence.

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Confidence and self-esteem are two of the most important
attributes that sports aids in the development of.  The context of sport is a setting in which youths
expand their confidence and fabricate individual aptitudes, and a supportive
environment enabled youth to feel esteemed within their group, permitting a
feeling of empowerment. These discoveries proposed the developmental asset framework
is (at least partially) applicable to sport and as such the sport programmers
incorporate aspects of both personal development and contextual factors when
creating and executing programs in an attempt to foster personal youth
development.  Strachan, Côté, and Deakin
(2009) used the developmental asset profile to discover outcomes associated
with youth sport whether personal (internal assets) and contextual (external
assets). It was observed that three specific resources were imperative to
concentrate on in youth sports programs; these are positive identity, empowerment,
and support. The training regimens of coaches therefore always have evidence of
the 5Cs model to foster life skills (Holt & Neely, 2011). The 5Cs of personal
youth development was introduced by developmental psychologist Richard Lerner (Lerner
et al., 2005). The 5Cs are competence,
confidence, character, caring/compassion, and connection. Confidence/certainty
mirrors an inner feeling of general positive self-esteem and self-viability,
and one’s overall self-respect. Students who partake in sports have higher
self- esteem and confidence as opposed to those youths who do not take part in
sports (Holts & Neely, 2011).

Personal developmental skills such as organization
and time management are implicated to be positively impacted by sports in
youths.  Sports improve youths’ objective setting, problem-solving,
and familiarity with existence. Research has shown that more 90% transferred
life skills from the various different sporting disciplines into other aspects
of their life like school and at home (Holts,
2016). Holts and Neely (2011) suggest that coaches and parents along with
sports affect the personal growth of youths. The book further states that structure
is the degree to which coaches and parents give clear and steady rules,
desires, and guidelines for their kids’ practices so they can act in
self-decided ways (Holts, 2016). Sports has structure and with structure comes
organization, organization influences proper time management. The fact that
sports provide so much structure and time constrains it helps youths to be
better to manage their time and stick to timelines perform well in a timely fashion
as they are taught to do in training. The structural organization of training
which they are guided by also spills over into the everyday life of students
making them more organized and time efficient than an average student that
doesn’t do sports but participates in other extracurricular activities and way
better than a youth who only attends school for academia alone (Holts, 2016 ).   

It can be concluded that the sporting experience,
therefore, helps to boost the personal growth and development of the average
student, as a primary contributor to their social development. This is based on
the fact that organized sporting events cultivate essential values, attitudes
and life skills, which enable young people to be effective social citizens
within their families, while at school and even within their communities. It has been
established that sports play an influential fragment in fostering Jamaica’s
development because sports yields better citizens. Specifically that, sports
serves as a key contributor to the engendering of qualities of self-discipline
and self-efficacy. It was also highlighted that sports aid immensely in well
needed qualities of organization and time management among today’s youths. Additionally,
it was emphasized that sports are vital in confidence and self-esteem building.
Although positive personal youth growth and development is not only dependent
on sports, it does contribute immensely. It should also be noted that coaches
and parents are very influential for positive development of youths, especially
in Jamaica.