What are the Sources from which Property can be acquired by a Hindu Family?

In the former State of Bombay (now, Maharashtra and Gujarat), property inherited from a female has been held to be stridhana (Gandhi Maganlal v. Bal Jadab, 24 Bom. 192) However, the Bombay High Court has also held that if the property is inherited from a male into whose family the female entered by marriage, such property is not stridhana. (Gangadhar v. Chandrabhagabai, 17 Bom. 690)

During her maidenhood, a Hindu female could dispose of her stridhana at pleasure. If she was a minor, of course, she could do so only through her guardian.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

During coverture (i.e., when she was married), a Hindu female could dispose of saudayika stridhana, i.e., gifts from relatives (as distinguished from gifts from strangers). As regards non-saudayika stridhana, i.e., gifts from strangers, as well as property earned by a woman by her own labour, the woman’s authority over such stridhana was subject to her husband’s control, although the husband enjoyed no ownership over such property.

During widowhood, a Hindu female could dispose of her stridhana (of every kind) at her pleasure, and it was immaterial whether the property was acquired before or after the husband’s death.