Within but generally means criminal prohibition of unlawful

Within the study of criminology,
public order crimes are defined by a violation that interferes with the
everyday operation of society which is viewed as deviant such as alcohol,
drugs, and prostitution offenses. Involvement in these actions are “mala
prohibita crimes- they are bad because we say they are bad” (Frailing 395)


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criminalization of sex work crime varies depending on the context, but generally
means criminal prohibition of unlawful promotion of or participation in sexual
acts for some form of monetary exchange. Including ” attempts to solicit
customers or transport persons for prostitution purposes: to own, manage, or
operate dwelling or other establishments to provide prostitution, or to assist
otherwise or promote prostitution.” (Frailing 405) There are varied
reasons and explanations as to why sex workers get involved in these types of
activities because there is a multitude of avenues a person can travel to cross
paths with prostitution. Due to the individualized dynamic, it generally
“depends in part of the type of sex work at issue.”(Frailing 406)

One key risk
factor as to why women engage in prostitution is the patriarchy perspective,
which states” girls are frequent targets of violence and sexual abuse…it
facilitates the view of girls as objects who sexuality is for the taking by any
interested man.”(Frailing 146) Looking for a way to survive once they
runaway these women are influenced or “pushed” into prostitution for
Which primarily associated with other risk factors such as ” sexual abuse,
assault, depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder” also
leads to the use of drugs and alcohol.(Frailing 199)

Then, there is the
seduction of the crime itself. For example, some women expressed the allure of
“high-end prostitution as glamorous.” (Sex for Sale) Which they soon
realize is just a facade, and where violence is heavily prevalent. While for
other like former madam Kristin Davis enter to the world of the escort industry
for economic enrichment. She associated her interest with the economics aspect
stating it is a ” recession-proof industry, which is why they call it the world’s
oldest profession” (Sex for Sale) 

All of these risks
and the criminalizing of the sex industry creates ideal conditions for
unchecked exploitation and abuse of sex workers who are often victims themselves
“prostitution is not a victimless crime.”(Sex for Sale) Instead of
punishing the women who are selling it, legalize it and criminalize the men who
seek out illegal services. If prostitution is legalized workers gain access to
health care, seek help from the police without fear of judgment, protection
from violence and abuse with guaranteed legal and social rights.   



Evidence of
associations between illicit drugs/ alcohol and crime comes at a high volume.
Drug and alcohol-related offenses are when a specified activity is done or
caused by a person who is under the influence or distributing of a particular
substance, typically an illegal drug.


There are numerous
reasons why people commit drug and alcohol-related crimes. What we know
undeniably, is that there is a high association between drugs use and criminal
activity, which appears in the documentary Pill Nation. In my opinion, the
relationship between Gottfredson & Hirschi’s self-control and Strain theory
accounts for the drug and alcohol criminological problem. An excellent example
of this is former doctor Larry Friedes AKA “The Rouge Doctor before he was
addicted to drugs, he was a heavy user of alcohol, drugs, and gambling. Then he
became a full time junky.” (Pill Nation) Larry showed early on the signs
of his weaknesses and low self-control well before he became a pill pusher and
abused his position as a medical doctor. 
As he stated the accessibility his job provided him with is lack of
self-control “it enabled him to not only become an addict but monster
addict.” (Pill Nation)

Like other`s Larry Friedes did not
begin his habit with narcotics but with other forms of addictions such as
alcohol. Many alcohol-related crimes occur in social situations. Due to the
“mind and mood” alteration alcohol causes as “dopamine increases
in the brain and serotonin reduces” and Messerschmidt`s term, called
“doing gender.” a more aggressive behavior is produced. (Frailing

theory describes the criminological problem related to drugs presented in the
documentary Pill Nation. In reviewing the documentary and examining the
relationship between the drug users, pushers and the crimes they committed
there is a high correlation between that and low self-control. “The idea
that low self-control is at the root of crime is in accord with what appears to
be the impulsivity that characterizes most crime”(Frailing 116) A perfect
example of self-control and strain theory directly causing a criminological
problem is in the documentary Pill Nation. We are introduced to the 21-year-old
young man named Doug who lives in Portsmouth Ohio. Doug is addicted to Oxycodone.
He knows the dangers of the drug he takes; he is well aware that he is
shortening is lifespan my continuing down the destructive road filled with
drugs. Doug stated,” I have hepatitis C from sharing needles, doctors say
I have Twenty years, and that is living clean.”(Pill Nation)

Low self-control fosters habits
such as “engagement in risky lifestyles, or carelessness about one`s
safety and security that then results in victimization.”(Frailing 292)
Fully aware he has hepatitis C, he continues to share needles with friends.
Doug goes on to say after countless and tireless failed attempts to quit he
feels “the only way to fight the addiction is to die…it would be the
easy way out.” (Pill Nation)


This type of
relationship fosters addictions.  People
take up drugs when something in their life is not working, or when they’re
unhappy about their experiences. Community-based behavioral treatment centers,
open to prisoners and the public that teach coping and decision-making skills,
and reinforce behavioral changes and help to motivate non–drug-related
activities is the beginning to dealing with drug and alcohol-related crimes.